Makoto Murata

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On the basis of regular tree grammars, we present a formal framework for XML schema languages. This framework helps to describe, compare, and implement such schema languages in a rigorous manner. Our main results are as follows: (1) a simple framework to study three classes of tree languages (local, single-type, and regular); (2) classification and(More)
Access control policies for XML typically use regular path expressions such as XPath for specifying the objects for access-control policies. However such access-control policies are burdens to the query engines for XML documents. To relieve this burden, we introduce static analysis for XML access-control. Given an access-control policy, query expression,(More)
Associations between genetic polymorphisms of CYP1A1, CYP1A2, CYP2E1, GSTM1 and GSTT1 and prostate cancer (PCa) were analyzed in a case-control study of 315 individuals. The frequency of valine (Val)/valine (Val) genotypes for CYP1A1 was 11.3% in cases compared with 5.5% in controls, this polymorphism thus being associated with a significantly increased(More)
The effect of structural modifications of okadaic acid (OA), a polyether C38 fatty acid, was studied on its inhibitory activity toward type 1 and type 2A protein phosphatases (PP1 and PP2A) by using OA derivatives obtained either by isolation from natural sources or by chemical processes. The dissociation constant (Ki) for the interaction of OA with PP2A(More)
Oxidative stresses such as UV irradiation to mammalian cells triggers a variety of oxistress responses including activation of transcription factors. Recently, activation of nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) has been shown to be under oxidoreduction (redox) regulation controlled by thioredoxin (TRX), which is one of major endogenous redox-regulating(More)
Chloroplast mutator (chm) of Arabidopsis is a recessive nuclear mutation that causes green and white variegation in leaves and is inherited in a non-Mendelian fashion. In this study, we have identified and characterized a mutant observed in F1 and backcrossed BC1 populations from a cross between chm1-3 and ecotype Columbia. This mutant, maternal distorted(More)
BACKGROUND The TERMINAL FLOWER 1 (TFL1) gene of Arabidopsis plays an important role in regulating flowering time and in maintaining the fate of inflorescence meristem (IM). TFL1 is a homologue of CENTRORADIALIS (CEN) from Antirrhinum, which is only involved in IM maintenance. Recent mutational studies and the genome project revealed that TFL1 belongs to a(More)
A series of new epoxysuccinyl peptides were designed and synthesized to develop a specific inhibitor of cathepsin B. Of these compounds, N-(L-3-trans-ethoxycarbonyloxirane-2-carbonyl)-L-isoleucyl-L-proli ne (compound CA-030) and N-(L-3-trans-propylcarbamoyloxirane-2-carbonyl)-L-isoleucyl-L-prol ine (compound CA-074) were the most potent and specific(More)
Recent reports have suggested that polymorphisms in the human paraoxonase (HUMPONA) gene may be a genetic risk factor for coronary artery disease (CAD) in white populations. However, this association has not yet been confirmed in other ethnic populations. We studied 75 Japanese patients with CAD, whose coronary lesions were confirmed by angiography, and 115(More)
We screened 75 primary hepatocellular carcinomas for somatic mutations in the entire coding region of the beta-catenin gene. We detected somatic mutations in 14 tumors; 12 were considered to cause amino acid substitutions and 2 were interstitial deletions of 51 or 195 nucleotides of genomic DNA, corresponding to exon 3. Among the 12 point mutations, 6(More)