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Although significant progress has recently been made in culturing mammalian urothelial cells, relatively little is known about their biochemical differentiation. In this paper, we assessed the differentiation state of cultured bovine urothelial cells by analyzing their keratins and a cell surface marker, uroplakin I. Urothelial cells were serially cultured(More)
The differentiation of mammalian urothelium culminates in the formation of asymmetrical unit membrane (AUM). Using gradient centrifugation and detergent wash, we purified milligram quantities of AUMs which, interestingly, contained three major proteins (15, 27, and 47 kDa) that appeared to be identical to the three immunoaffinity purified, putatively(More)
The dorsal surfaces of mammalian tongues are covered with numerous projections known as filiform papillae whose morphology varies in different species. Using a panel of monoclonal antibodies to keratins as probes, we have established that, in both human and mouse, the interpapillary epithelia express mainly the "esophageal-type" keratins, while the(More)
The luminal surface of mammalian urothelium is covered with numerous plaques (also known as the asymmetric unit membrane or AUM) composed of semi-crystalline, hexagonal arrays of 12-nm protein particles. Despite the presumed importance of these plaques in stabilizing the urothelial surface during bladder distention, relatively little is known about their(More)
The two sets of paired appendages, called limbs, are locomotory organs in tetrapods that are used for various functions (e.g., walking, running, crawling, digging, climbing, diving, swimming, and flying). Unlike such organs as the eye, which contain specialized tissues such as the lens and photoreceptor, the limb does not have any specialized cells or(More)
Keratinocytes of the upper granular layers contain unique round-to-oval granules, 100-500 nm in diameter, in their peripheral cytoplasm. These granules (known as membrane coating granules [MCG], or lamellar granules) fuse with the apical cell surface of uppermost granular cells and discharge their contents into the intercellular space, where they are(More)
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