Learn More
PURPOSE The clinically relevant histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDI) valproic acid (VPA) and suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid exert variable antitumor activities but increase therapeutic efficacy when combined with other agents. The natural endogenous ligand of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma 15-deoxy-Delta(12,14)-prostaglandin J(2)(More)
The monoterpene perillyl alcohol (POH) is a naturally occurring compound derived from citrus fruits, mint and herbs. It exhibited chemotherapeutic potential against various malignant tumors in preclinical models and is currently being tested in clinical trials in patients with refractory advanced cancers. POH inhibits cellular proliferation at the G1 phase(More)
Serotonin 1A receptor agonists have attracted much interest recently as potential therapeutic agents for levodopa-induced motor complications, such as dyskinesia and motor fluctuations. The effects of piclozotan (SUN N4057) on a rat model of advanced Parkinson's disease were investigated. Parkinsonian rats, unilaterally 6-hydroxydopamine-lesioned rats, were(More)
The INK4 family members p16(INK4a) and p15(INK4b) negatively regulate cell cycle progression by inhibition of cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) 4/6. Loss of p16(INK4a) functional activity is frequently observed in tumor cells, and is thought to be one of the primary causes of carcinogenesis. In contrast, despite the biochemical similarity to p16(INK4a), the(More)
Sesamin is a major lignan constituent of sesame and possesses multiple functions such as antihypertensive, cholesterol-lowering, lipid-lowering and anticancer activities. Several groups have previously reported that sesamin induces growth inhibition in human cancer cells. However, the nature of this growth inhibitory mechanism remains unknown. The authors(More)
Inactivation of the retinoblastoma protein pathway is the most common abnormality in malignant tumors. We therefore tried to detect agents that induce the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p15(INK4b) and found that ZD1839 (gefitinib, Iressa) could up-regulate p15(INK4b) expression. ZD1839 has been shown to inhibit cell cycle progression through inhibition(More)
To determine a possible relation of hepatic oxidative activity to glucose metabolism, the rates of oxygen consumption of liver slices from patients with chronic liver diseases were polarographically measured. The livers from patients with chronic (persistent and aggressive) hepatitis and with normal glucose tolerance showed almost the same respiratory(More)
p15(INK4b) functions as a tumor suppressor and implicated in cellular senescence. Here, we show that the Oct-1 binding site in the human p15(INK4b) gene promoter functions as a silencer. Oct-1 specifically interacts with this binding site in vitro and in vivo and SMRT and HDAC1 are present in the p15(INK4b) proximal promoter region. Moreover, mouse embryo(More)
Indole-3-carbinol (I3C) is a naturally occurring compound found in vegetables such as broccoli and cauliflower, and has been shown to arrest human tumor cells in the G1 phase of the cell cycle. However, the molecular mechanism responsible for this effect has not been sufficiently elucidated. We report here that I3C activates the cyclin-dependent kinase(More)
Arctiin is a major lignan constituent of Arctium lappa and has anti-cancer properties in animal models. It was recently reported that arctiin induces growth inhibition in human prostate cancer PC-3 cells. However, the growth inhibitory mechanism of arctiin remains unknown. Herein we report that arctiin induces growth inhibition and dephosphorylates the(More)