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A method for taking an axial radiograph of the distal femur was developed to see the epicondyles and posterior condyles of the femur. It was hypothesized that these radiographs would be acceptable for evaluating rotational alignment in total knee arthroplasty with comparable reproducibility and good correlation to the results obtained with computed(More)
OBJECTIVES We sought to assess the clinical features of transient left ventricular (LV) apical ballooning. BACKGROUND Although several cases regarding transient LV apical ballooning have been reported, the etiology remains unknown. METHODS We investigated 17 patients (14 women, median age 74 years old with a range of 54 to 91 years old) who fulfilled(More)
The 5-HT3 receptor, the only ionotropic 5-HT receptor, is expressed in limbic regions, including the hippocampus, amygdala, and cortex. However, it is not known whether it has a role in fear memory processes. Analysis of 5-HT3A receptor knockout mice in fear conditioning paradigms revealed that the 5-HT3A receptor is not required for the acquisition or(More)
BACKGROUND Anomalous origin of coronary artery (AOCA) has been described by coronary angiography or autopsy. However the actual prevalence of such abnormalities is unknown. Multi-detector computed tomography (MDCT) offers the possibility to visualize AOCA non-invasively. The purpose of this study was to report the prevalence AOCA by MDCT. METHODS AND(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The use of esophageal endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) to remove superficial esophageal neoplasms is gradually becoming more common in Japan. However, large-scale esophageal ESD often requires subsequent multiple balloon dilations to prevent postoperative esophageal stricture. We investigated the safety and efficacy of endoscopic(More)
The endoglucanase Cel5A from an anaerobic celluloltyic bacterium, Clostridium josui, contains family 17 CBM (CjCBM17) and family 28 CBM (CjCBM28) in tandem. Individual CjCBM17 and CjCBM28 and tandem CjCBM17/28 were constructed to determine the binding characteristics of CjCBM17/28 and to compare the binding affinity of the three CBMs. CjCBM17/28 bound to(More)
BACKGROUND  Coronary computed tomography angiography (CTA) findings of positive vessel remodeling and low-attenuation plaque, referred to as computed tomography-verified high-risk plaque (CT-HRP), have been reported to be associated with the development of subsequent acute coronary syndromes. The aim of this study was to examine the usefulness of coronary(More)
Metal sensitivity (MS) reactions to implant metals represent a rare but well-documented complication following total joint arthroplasty (TJA). Although 20-25% of post-TJA patients develop MS, only a few highly susceptible patients (< 1%) exhibit symptoms. Whether surgeons should perform screening for MS is currently a matter of debate. The present study(More)
OBJECTIVE To analyze the relationship between clinical benefits and immunological changes in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc) treated with autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). METHODS Ten patients with SSc were treated with high-dose cyclophosphamide followed by highly purified CD34+ cells (n=5) or unpurified grafts (n=5). Two(More)
Environmental enrichment causes a variety of effects on brain structure and function. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) plays an important role in enrichment-induced neuronal changes; however, the precise mechanism underlying these effects remains uncertain. In this study, a specific upregulation of kinesin superfamily motor protein 1A (KIF1A) was(More)