Learn More
Insect metamorphosis is induced by the steroid 20-hydroxyecdysone (20E) in the absence of sesquiterpenoid juvenile hormone (JH). In Drosophila melanogaster, the Broad-Complex (BR-C) transcriptional factor plays critical roles during metamorphosis. We isolated cDNAs encoding BR-C in the silkworm Bombyx mori and examined their mRNA expression. cDNAs for three(More)
Two forms of cytochrome P450, referred to as P450 CMLb and P450 CMLc, were purified and characterized from hepatic microsomes of untreated cynomolgus monkeys (Macaca irus). The final preparations were apparently homogeneous as judged by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The minimum molecular weights of P450 CMLb and P450 CMLc(More)
A novel ecdysteroid-inducible gene was isolated from the anterior silk gland of the silkworm by mRNA differential display and named Bombyx mori chitinase-related gene 1 (BmChiR1). cDNA for BmChiR1 is 3.7 kbp encoding 1080 amino acids. Its predicted protein sequence consists of two tandem-repeated sequences, both showing high similarities to arthropod(More)
Zonisamide (1,2-benzisoxazole-3-methanesulfonamide) was metabolized to 2-sulfamoylacetylphenol (SMAP) in human liver microsomes under anaerobic conditions. The formation of SMAP was remarkably inhibited by cimetidine, n-octylamine, ketoconazole, and carbon monoxide, indicating that a cytochrome P450 is involved in the metabolism of zonisamide to SMAP in(More)
The insect growth regulator (IGR) imidazole KK-42 induces hemolymph juvenile hormone esterase activity and precocious metamorphosis in Bombyx mori. As an initial step to understand the molecular action of KK-42, we isolated a full-length of juvenile hormone esterase cDNA from B. mori (BmJHE). The deduced amino acid sequence of BmJHE showed high identity to(More)
Dear Editor: Insect cell lines have been experimentally influential in cell biology, biochemistry, virology, and the production of recombinant protein. They are usually cultured in media containing animal sera to promote cell growth (Mitsuhashi, 1982). In mammalian cell cultures, chemically defined media supplemented with identified growth factors have been(More)
cDNA for ultraspiracle (USP) from the lepidopteran rice stem borer Chilo suppressalis was cloned using PCR techniques. The deduced amino acid sequence of C. suppressalis USP (CsUSP) was very similar to those of other lepidopteran USPs, especially to the Manduca sexta USP-2 isoform. Northern hybridization analysis detected a 6.5-kb message in the epidermis,(More)
1-Aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate (ACC) deaminase catalyzes the cyclopropane ring fragmentation and deamination of ACC. Replacement of cysteine with alanine at a reactive thiol site, Cys-162, of ACC deaminase did not affect the enzyme activity, in spite of the previous result that modification of Cys-162 caused complete loss of the enzyme activity.(More)
When insect larvae have fully grown, prothoracicotropic hormone (PTTH) is released from the brain, triggering the initiation of metamorphic development through stimulation of ecdysteroid secretion by the prothoracic glands. The present study analyzes the mechanism that regulates the occurrence of this PTTH surge. In the silkworm Bombyx mori, the PTTH surge(More)
We report the first case to our knowledge of chronic pancreatitis associated with mitochondrial encephalopathy with the A8344G mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) mutation. This 10-year-old-girl had suffered from recurrent abdominal pain with elevated serum amylase and lipase since the age of 6, and easy fatigability, tremor and astatic seizures since the age of 8. A(More)