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1. Aminopyrine N-demethylase activity was determined for 11 forms of human hepatic cytochrome P450s (P450s) expressed in yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae and for human steroidogenic CYP17 expressed in Escherichia coli. 2. Among the hepatic P450s, the N-demethylation of aminopyrine was catalysed most efficiently by CYP2C19, followed by CYP2C8, 2D6, 2C18 and(More)
Previously, we reported the specific occurrence of neutralizing autoantibodies against granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid from 11 Japanese patients with idiopathic pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (I-PAP). The autoantibody was also detected in sera from all 5 I-PAP patients examined. To determine that(More)
BACKGROUND Helicobacter pylori and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are recognized as the major causes of peptic ulcer disease. The status of H. pylori infection in the background population may influence the incidence of H. pylori-negative peptic ulcer disease. OBJECTIVE To examine the incidence of H. pylori-negative peptic ulcer disease(More)
The amphibian Xenopus laevis is the most primitive vertebrate in which the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) has been defined at the biochemical, functional, and molecular genetic levels. We previously described the isolation and characterization of cDNA clones encoding X. laevis MHC class II beta chains. In the present study, genomic clones encoding(More)
Effect of bisphenol A on drug-metabolizing enzyme activities by human hepatic cytochrome P450s (CYP) was investigated. We measured aminopyrine N-demethylation by eleven kinds of cDNA-expressed CYPs. CYP2C19 and CYP2B6 catalyzed most efficiently the aminopyrine N-demethylation, followed by CYP2C8 and CYP2D6. Bisphenol A (1 mM) most efficiently inhibited(More)
BACKGROUND The current study was designed to evaluate the effect of aging and Helicobacter pylori infection on the gastric mucosa in asymptomatic Japanese adults. MATERIALS AND METHODS Eighty-five asymptomatic healthy adults were recruited from a health-screening center in Sapporo. All subjects underwent endoscopy and gastric biopsy, and serum was(More)
This study investigated the mechanism of direct and indirect actions of fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF-2) on osteoclast differentiation using two mouse cell culture systems. In the coculture system of osteoblasts and bone marrow cells, FGF-2 stimulated osteoclast formation. This effect was decreased markedly by osteoprotegerin (OPG) or NS-398, a selective(More)
Purified bovine adrenal P-45011 beta has been shown to catalyze conversions of cortisol to cortisone (11-oxidase activity), and 19-hydroxyandrostenedione to 19-oxoandrostenedione (19-oxidase activity), in the reconstituted system consisting of NADPH, NADPH:adrenodoxin reductase, and adrenodoxin. The turnover numbers (mol of product formed/min/mol of P-450)(More)
1. By means of an enzyme immunoassay, the contents of D-amino acid oxidase (DAO) were determined in kidney, liver, cerebellum and lung of hog, but the oxidase was not detectable in heart or cerebrum. 2. The oxidases in kidney, liver and cerebellum of hog were indistinguishable as regards immunoreactivity toward anti-hog kidney DAO antibody, specific(More)