Makoto Kakutani

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One crucial role of endothelium is to keep the innermost surface of a blood vessel antithrombotic. However, the endothelium also expresses prothrombotic molecules in response to various stimuli. The balance between the antithrombotic and prothrombotic nature of the endothelium is lost under certain conditions. During atherosclerosis, the attachment of(More)
The mechanism by which cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) activity affects HDL metabolism was investigated using agents that selectively target CETP (dalcetrapib, torcetrapib, anacetrapib). In contrast with torcetrapib and anacetrapib, dalcetrapib requires cysteine 13 to decrease CETP activity, measured as transfer of cholesteryl ester (CE) from HDL(More)
A novel lectin-like oxidized low density lipoprotein receptor-1 (LOX-1) was recently identified in bovine aortic endothelial cells. It is strongly suggested to have a potential role in the initiation and development of atherosclerosis. In this study, we have isolated cDNA clones encoding the rabbit homologue of LOX-1 by screening a rabbit placenta cDNA(More)
Lectin-like oxidized LDL receptor-1 (LOX-1) was initially identified as an oxidized LDL receptor in aortic endothelial cells. Here we identified LOX-1 mRNA and protein in human platelets in addition to recent findings on the expression in macrophages and smooth muscle cells. The presence of LOX-1 was further confirmed in the megakaryocytic cell lines. Flow(More)
In primary cultured adult rat hepatocytes stimulated by epidermal growth factor and insulin, dramatic changes in the subcellular distribution of metallothionein were clarified by indirect immunofluorescence using antisera specific for this protein. Metallothionein was detected only in the cytoplasm of cultured hepatocytes in the G0 and G1 phases, but was(More)
We cloned mouse LOX-1 cDNA to take advantage of a gene-targeting technique to clarify the role of LOX-1 in vivo. Mouse LOX-1 was composed of 363 amino acids and had a C-type lectin domain type II membrane protein structure. Mouse LOX-1 had triple repeats of the sequence in the extracellular "Neck domain," which is unlike human and bovine LOX-1. LOX-1 bound(More)
Objective and Design: We investigated the effect of a novel N-benzoyl-L-phenylalanine derivative compound (JTE-607) on production of various cytokines and other immune responses in vitro and on endotoxin shock in vivo.¶Materials and Methods: Human, monkey, rabbit, mouse and rat peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs), and human fibroblasts, umbilical(More)
It is well known that rats and mice, when fed a high-fat diet, develop obesity associated with abnormal glycolipid metabolism. In this study, we investigated the effects of a high-fat diet on a diabetic rat model, Spontaneously Diabetic Torii (SDT), which develops diabetes due to decreased insulin production and secretion with age. We hypothesized that a(More)
Monoacylglycerol acyltransferase 2 (MGAT2) plays an important role in intestinal fat absorption. We discovered the novel MGAT2 inhibitor, JTP-103237, and evaluated its pharmacological profile. JTP-103237 selectively inhibited MGAT2 without remarkable species differences and reduced absorbed lipids in circulation. After lipid administration, JTP-103237(More)
OBJECTIVE LOX-1 is a multi-ligand receptor originally identified as the endothelial oxidized LDL receptor. LOX-1 expression is also induced in smooth muscle cells in response to proinflammatory and oxidative stimuli. Here, we report on the role of LOX-1 in intimal hyperplasia, in which proinflammatory and oxidative stimuli are increased. METHODS AND(More)