Makoto Hiroshige

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To extract elements of prosodic features which relate to speakers' intentional control is required for speech information processing. Speech rate variation should be a "caution signal" to call listeners' attention strongly. To express and detect such "caution signals", we have proposed a new speech rate model. This model introduces two kinds of force to(More)
Fundamental investigations about differential limen (DL) for word-based speech rate variations in Japanese are described. We carry out auditory tests with stimuli made by equally lengthening or shortening a duration of a word in a sentence. We set up the experiments to diffuse the subjects’ focus of attention. When the focus is diffused, the DL value of(More)
The variable threshold(VT), which detects the speech rate deceleration, is proposed. The VT varies dynamically depending upon the duration of previous mora in the utterance. The VT should not change rapidly because listener cannot perceive small variations of mora duration. Thus, a set of functions with time constants which decide response speed of the VT(More)
A slower phrase in spontaneous conversational speech is caused by emphasis, thinking during speaking and so on. To include such useful information with man-machine communication, we investigate a method to detect local slower phrase from time sequence of mora duration in Japanese dialog speech. At first we prepare speech samples, which contains phrases(More)
Several N-acylglucosamine derivatives of sialyl Lewis X (1-3) were prepared using a combined chemical enzymatic approach and evaluated as an inhibitor of E-selectin-mediated cellular adhesion. Compounds with aromatic functionality, 1 and 2, were found to be 3-10 times more potent than the N-acetyl derivative (14) in an ELISA E-selectin cell adhesion assay.(More)
This paper proposes and evaluates a new direct speech transform method with waveforms from laryngectomee speech to normal speech. Most conventional speech recognition systems and speech processing systems are not able to treat laryngectomee speech with satisfactory results. One of the major causes is difficulty preparing corpora. It is very hard to record a(More)
1. Introduction In human communication, speech conveys not only linguistic information but also emphasis, intention, attitude and so on. They are called paralinguistic information [1]. There are several researches on paralinguistic information [2,3]. Methods for modeling or detecting of paralinguistic information is useful for various application in(More)
This paper evaluates a direct speech translation Method with waveforms using the Inductive Learning method for short conversation. The method is able to work without conventional speech recognition and speech synthesis because syntactic expressions are not needed for translation in the proposed method. We focus only on acoustic characteristics of speech(More)