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To examine the effect of Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF) on the maturation of bovine oocytes, human recombinant VEGF(165) was used in 3 experiments. In Exp. 1, bovine cumulus oocyte complexes (COCs) were matured for 22 hr in modified Synthetic Oviduct Fluid (m-SOF) supplemented with 0 (control) or 5 ng/ml of VEGF. Maturation rate increased(More)
Melatonin is a multifunctional molecule that mediates several circadian and seasonal reproductive processes. The exact role of melatonin in modulating reproduction, however, is not fully understood-especially its effects on the ovarian follicles and oocytes. This study was conducted to investigate the expressions of the ASMT and melatonin-receptor MTNR1A(More)
Three experiments were conducted to determine the effect of Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF) on bovine embryonic development in vitro. Human recombinant VEGF(165) was employed at 5 ng/ml in modified synthetic oviduct fluid. In Exp. 1, bovine cumulus oocyte complexes were matured with or without VEGF for 22 hr, inseminated without VEGF for 6 hr,(More)
The pathogenic mechanisms responsible for the deleterious changes in ethanol-exposed skeletal muscle are unknown, although apoptosis may be a causal process. We therefore investigated the responses of skeletal muscle to acute or chronic ethanol exposure in male Wistar rats. In acute studies, rats were dosed with ethanol (75 mmol (3.46 g)/kg BW) and killed(More)
This study characterized the peripheral plasma bovine pregnancy-associated glycoprotein (bPAG) profile throughout gestation and examined the effect of stage of gestation and fetal number on this profile in Holstein cows after non-surgical embryo transfer. Cows (n = 12) were divided into three groups: group 1 = normal singleton pregnancies (n = 5); group 2 =(More)
We investigated whether Al-gel could adsorb and release FSH effectively in vitro and in vivo, and whether a single administration of FSH in Al-gel could successfully induce superovulation (SOV) in cattle. Porcine FSH (pFSH; 30 mg) was mixed with 5 mL of Al-gel; 99.98+/-0.01% of pFSH was adsorbed by the gel and 71.6+/-1.1% of the adsorbed pFSH was(More)
Birth of malformed/stillborn calves is a liability to farmers and diagnosis of the condition early in gestation would be of immense economic benefit. We report on peripheral plasma progesterone (P4), estrone (E1) and estradiol (E2) concentrations quantified by radioimmunoassay throughout gestation in twin embryo recipient cows carrying normal (cow N),(More)
This study characterized the peripheral plasma cortisol profile throughout gestation and examined the effect of stage of gestation and foetal number in Holstein cows after non-surgical embryo transfer. Cows (n = 10) were divided into two groups: Group 1 = single embryo recipient cows (n = 5); and group 2 = twin-embryo recipient cows (n = 5). Mean plasma(More)
To characterize the maternal-fetal transport of lipophilic endocrine disrupting chemicals, concentrations of polychlorinated (2,3,7,8-substituted) dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs), dibenzofurans (PCDFs), and dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) were measured in maternal and fetal blood, and amniotic and allantoic fluids in cattle. Total toxicity equivalent(More)
Peripheral plasma estrone sulfate (E(1)-S) concentrations were characterized throughout gestation in singleton and twin bearing cows by a direct radioimmunoassay method. Maternal plasma E1-S was detectable from around day 100 and after that its concentration increased progressively to term in both singleton (n = 5) and twin bearing (n = 5) cows. Twin(More)