Makoto Hayashi

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Expression of miR398 is induced in response to copper deficiency and is involved in the degradation of mRNAs encoding copper/zinc superoxide dismutase in Arabidopsis thaliana. We found that SPL7 (for SQUAMOSA promoter binding protein-like7) is essential for this response of miR398. SPL7 is homologous to Copper response regulator1, the transcription factor(More)
DNA replication of eukaryotic chromosomes initiates at a number of discrete loci, called replication origins. Distribution and regulation of origins are important for complete duplication of the genome. Here, we determined locations of Orc1 and Mcm6, components of pre-replicative complex (pre-RC), on the whole genome of Schizosaccharomyces pombe using a(More)
The legume Lotus japonicus has been widely used as a model system to investigate the genetic background of legume-specific phenomena such as symbiotic nitrogen fixation. Here, we report structural features of the L. japonicus genome. The 315.1-Mb sequences determined in this and previous studies correspond to 67% of the genome (472 Mb), and are likely to(More)
Informal verbal interaction is the core matrix for human social life. A mechanism for coordinating this basic mode of interaction is a system of turn-taking that regulates who is to speak and when. Yet relatively little is known about how this system varies across cultures. The anthropological literature reports significant cultural differences in the(More)
Glyoxysomes, a group of specialized peroxisomes, are organelles that degrade fatty acids by the combination of fatty acid beta-oxidation and glyoxylate cycle. However, the mechanism underlying the transport of the fatty acids across the peroxisomal membrane is still obscure in higher plant cells. We identified and analyzed the PED3 gene and its gene(More)
Heterochromatin is a structurally compacted region of chromosomes in which transcription and recombination are inactivated. DNA replication is temporally regulated in heterochromatin, but the molecular mechanism for regulation has not been elucidated. Among heterochromatin loci in Schizosaccharomyces pombe, the pericentromeric region and the silent(More)
We characterized three Arabidopsis polyamine oxidase genes, AtPAO2, AtPAO3 and AtPAO4. Transient expression of these genes as monomeric red fluorescent protein fusion proteins in Arabidopsis root cells revealed that all are peroxisomal proteins. Quantitative analysis of their transcripts in various organs suggested that AtPAO4 is the major isoform in root(More)
The roots of most higher plants form arbuscular mycorrhiza, an ancient, phosphate-acquiring symbiosis with fungi, whereas only four related plant orders are able to engage in the evolutionary younger nitrogen-fixing root-nodule symbiosis with bacteria. Plant symbioses with bacteria and fungi require a set of common signal transduction components that(More)
We have identified the novel protein Glycine max PEROXISOMAL ADENINE NUCLEOTIDE CARRIER (Gm PNC1) by proteomic analyses of peroxisomal membrane proteins using a blue native/SDS-PAGE technique combined with peptide mass fingerprinting. Gm PNC1, and the Arabidopsis thaliana orthologs At PNC1 and At PNC2, were targeted to peroxisomes. Functional integration of(More)
Root nodule formation is regulated by several plant hormones, but the details of the regulation of the nodulation signaling pathway are largely unknown. In this study, the role of gibberellin (GA) in the control of root nodule symbiosis was investigated at the physiological and genetic levels in Lotus japonicus. Exogenous application of biologically active(More)