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The aim of this study was to evaluate the absolute bioavailability and the metabolism of omeprazole following single intravenous and oral administrations to healthy subjects in relation to CYP2C19 genotypes. Twenty subjects, of whom 6 were homozygous extensive metabolizers (hmEMs), 8 were heterozygous EMs (htEMs) and 6 were poor metabolizers (PMs) for(More)
Cholesterol regulates hepatic 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase activity by feedback inhibition. It has been suggested that oxidized derivatives of cholesterol (oxysterols) play an important role, as an intracellular mediator, in the feedback inhibition of cholesterol biosynthesis. We, therefore, investigated the role of(More)
Recent studies have revealed binding of mitochondrial enoyl-CoA isomerase (ECI) to S-hexylglutathione-Sepharose, an affinity matrix used for purification of glutathione transferases (GSTs), and the enzyme has been suggested to be identical with the Alpha class form of GST with a subunit molecular mass of about 30 kDa. In the present study,(More)
Human hepatocellular carcinomas (HCC) are known to frequently exhibit clear-cell or fatty change. The expression of three enzymes related to fatty acid metabolism, the peroxisomal bifunctional enzyme (enoyl-CoA hydratase/3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase, BE), cytosolic carbonyl reductase (CR) and the α-class glutathione S-transferase (GST) was investigated(More)
The aim of this study was to develop a limited sampling strategy to allow the simultaneous estimation of the area under the concentration-time curves (AUCs) of tacrolimus and mycophenolic acid (MPA), the active metabolite of the prodrug mycophenolate mofetil, using a small number of samples from patients undergoing renal transplantation. Fifty Japanese(More)
The aim of this study was to examine whether a limited sampling strategy (LSS) to allow the simultaneous estimation of the area under the concentration-time curves (AUCs) of tacrolimus and mycophenolic acid (MPA) calculated in the early stage after renal transplantation could be applied to maintenance phase pharmacokinetics. Seventy Japanese patients were(More)
The purpose of this study was to identify the common time point to achieve hydroxylation index (HI: omeprazole plasma concentration/5-hydroxyomeprazole plasma concentration) reflecting AUCOPZ/AUC5OH-OPZ after intravenous (IV) and oral (PO) administration. Twenty young and 28 elderly healthy subjects, including different CYP2C19 genotypes, were enrolled in(More)
Botulism due to food poisoning is caused mainly by protein toxins, botulinum neurotoxins (BoNTs), produced by Clostridium botluinum in seven known immunological serotypes. These are the most potent toxins and poisons known. BoNT effects blockade of neuromuscular transmission by preventing neurotransmitter release. Human botulism is most frequently caused by(More)
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE Tacrolimus, a widely used immunosuppressive agent in organ transplantation, has a narrow therapeutic window. It has been suggested that its interaction with lansoprazole could be dependent on polymorphisms of CYP3A5 and CYP2C19. The objective of this study was to investigate how, 1 year after renal transplantation, CYP3A5 and(More)