Makoto Hayakari

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TDP-43 proteinopathy (amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and frontotemporal lobar degeneration with ubiquitin-positive inclusions) is a newly categorized group of neurodegenerative disorders characterized by abnormal accumulation and mislocalization of nuclear TDP-43 protein in the neuronal cytoplasm. 15-Deoxy-Delta(12,14)-prostaglandin J(2) (15d-PGJ(2)) is(More)
BACKGROUND We previously detected precursor cell populations of preneoplastic foci, GST-P(+)/GGT(-) and GST-P(+)/GGT(+) minifoci, in rat liver in the initiation stage of chemical hepatocarcinogenesis, where GST-P and GGT represent glutathione S-transferase P-form and gamma-glutamyltranspeptidase, respectively. METHODS Sprague-Dawley male rats were fed a(More)
The cytoplasmic viral sensor retinoic acid-inducible gene-I (RIG-I), which is also known as an IFN-stimulated gene (ISG), senses viral RNA to activate antiviral signaling. It is therefore thought that RIG-I is regulated in a STAT1-dependent manner. Although RIG-I-mediated antiviral signaling is indispensable for the induction of an appropriate adaptive(More)
The three dissimilar structural antidepressant drugs, imipramine, nomifensine and d-amphetamine, were compared for their effects on type B monoamine oxidase, cyclic AMP phosphodiesterase and dopamine-beta-hydroxylase. Three antidepressant drugs caused a dose-dependent inhibition on type B monoamine oxidase. Of the three drugs, imipramine had a most potent(More)
Leu-Val-Val-hemorphin-7 (LVV-H7, LVVYPWTQRY), an opioid peptide, was found to be hydrolyzed sequentially by rat brain angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) in three steps through dipeptidyl carboxypeptidase activity. The kinetic constants evaluated were in order of: k(1) (0.19 min(-1))>>k(2) (0.0008 min(-1)) approximately k(3) (0.0006 min(-1)) in 10 mM NaCl(More)
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