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PURPOSE To identify sex-related differences and age-related changes in individual retinal layer thicknesses in a population of healthy eyes across the lifespan, using spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT). METHODS In seven institutes in Japan, mean thicknesses of the retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL), ganglion cell layer (GCL), inner(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the prevalence and causes of low vision and blindness in a Japanese adult population. DESIGN Population-based cross-sectional study. PARTICIPANTS Randomly selected residents (n = 3870) of Tajimi City, Japan, who were 40 years of age or older. METHODS Of the 3021 study participants (78.1% of 3870 eligible persons), 2977 (76.9%)(More)
IMPORTANCE Ripasudil hydrochloride hydrate (K-115), a novel rho kinase inhibitor, provides statistically significant intraocular pressure (IOP)-lowering effects and has a tolerable safety profile. However, no studies have evaluated ripasudil combined with β-blockers and prostaglandin analogues. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the additive IOP-lowering effects and(More)
PURPOSE Recently, indocyanine green (ICG) has been used to visualize the internal limiting membrane during vitrectomy. After intraocular administration, ICG accumulates at the optic disc. In this study, the effects of ICG on retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) were examined. METHODS In vitro, rat RGCs were purified by a two-step immunopanning procedure, briefly(More)
PURPOSE To compare the effects of topical nipradilol and timolol on the visual field in Japanese normal-tension glaucoma (NTG) patients. METHODS We enrolled 146 NTG patients. At baseline, age, intraocular pressure (IOP), and mean deviation (MD) by the Humphrey field analyzer were 47.6 (SD 8.5), 14.2 (1.7) mmHg, and -4.5 (3.0) dB. Seventy-two patients were(More)
PURPOSE To assess the prevalence of primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) and its association with intraocular pressure (IOP) in Tajimi City in central Japan. DESIGN A cross-sectional epidemiologic study in a defined population. PARTICIPANTS Subjects randomly selected from the population older than 40 years in Tajimi City. INTERVENTION Each subject(More)
Laser speckle flowgraphy (LSFG) allows for the quantitative estimation of blood flow in the optic nerve head, choroid, retina and iris in vivo. It was developed to facilitate the non-contact analysis of ocular blood flow in living eyes, utilizing the laser speckle phenomenon. The technique uses a fundus camera, a diode laser, an image sensor, an infrared(More)
Human amniotic epithelial cells (HAEC) may have pluripotent function because they are formed from the epiblast cells at the 8th day of fertilization. Previously, we reported that HAEC have the capacity to synthesize and release acetylcholine and catecholamine associated with the binding sites of catecholamine receptors. We show the neurotrophic function of(More)
A new apparatus has been developed using the laser speckle phenomenon for non-contact, two-dimensional analysis of tissue circulation in the choroid and optic nerve head (ONH). The fundus was illuminated by a diode laser spot and its image speckle was detected by an image sensor. The difference between the average of the speckle intensity (Imean) and the(More)
PURPOSE To clarify whether endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress is involved in retinal cell death, using cultured retinal ganglion cells (RGC-5, a rat ganglion cell line transformed with E1A virus), and transgenic mice ER stress-activated indicator (ERAI) mice carrying a human XBP1 and venus a variant of green fluorescent protein (GFP) fusion gene. METHODS(More)