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PURPOSE To clarify whether endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress is involved in retinal cell death, using cultured retinal ganglion cells (RGC-5, a rat ganglion cell line transformed with E1A virus), and transgenic mice ER stress-activated indicator (ERAI) mice carrying a human XBP1 and venus a variant of green fluorescent protein (GFP) fusion gene. METHODS(More)
PURPOSE To identify sex-related differences and age-related changes in individual retinal layer thicknesses in a population of healthy eyes across the lifespan, using spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT). METHODS In seven institutes in Japan, mean thicknesses of the retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL), ganglion cell layer (GCL), inner(More)
A novel automated boundary segmentation algorithm is proposed for fast and reliable quantification of nine intra-retinal boundaries in optical coherence tomography (OCT) images. The algorithm employs a two-step segmentation schema based on gradient information in dual scales, utilizing local and complementary global gradient information simultaneously. A(More)
We investigated the expression of Na(+)/Ca(2+) exchanger (NCX) and the functional role of NCX in retinal damage by using NCX1-heterozygous deficient mice (NCX1(+/-)) and SEA0400 (2-[4-[(2,5-difluorophenyl)methoxy] phenoxy]-5-ethoxyaniline), a selective NCX inhibitor in vivo. We also examined the role of NCX in oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD) stress with a(More)
PURPOSE Recently, indocyanine green (ICG) has been used to visualize the internal limiting membrane during vitrectomy. After intraocular administration, ICG accumulates at the optic disc. In this study, the effects of ICG on retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) were examined. METHODS In vitro, rat RGCs were purified by a two-step immunopanning procedure, briefly(More)
PURPOSE To identify Schlemm's canal (SC) and trabecular meshwork (TM) by anterior segment Fourier-domain optical coherence tomography (AS-FD-OCT) with histologic confirmation in enucleated human eyes and to quantitatively evaluate SC and TM in living human eyes. METHODS In enucleated human eyes, the imaging of the anterior chamber angle by AS-FD-OCT was(More)
We evaluated whether factors secreted by human amniotic epithelial cells (HAECs) have the neuroprotective effect on rat retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) purified by immunopanning. After culture in B27 complete medium containing B27 supplement, brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF) and forskolin, the medium was changed to:(More)
INTRODUCTION Latanoprostene bunod (LBN) is a novel nitric oxide (NO)-donating prostaglandin F2α analog. We evaluated the long-term safety and intraocular pressure (IOP)-lowering efficacy of LBN ophthalmic solution 0.024% over 1 year in Japanese subjects with open-angle glaucoma (OAG) or ocular hypertension (OHT). METHODS This was a single-arm,(More)
To facilitate the peeling of internal limiting membrane or epiretinal membrane in vitreoretinal surgery, trypan blue (TB) and indocyanine green (ICG) have been used. However, the cytotoxicity of these dyes have been concerned. The aim of this study was to investigate the neurotoxic effects of TB on rat retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) and compare the effect of(More)
Human amniotic epithelial cells (HAEC) may have pluripotent function because they are formed from the epiblast cells at the 8th day of fertilization. Previously, we reported that HAEC have the capacity to synthesize and release acetylcholine and catecholamine associated with the binding sites of catecholamine receptors. We show the neurotrophic function of(More)