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Oxidative stress has become an exciting area of research on schizophrenia, which is a highly prevalent condition that affects approximately 1% of the worldwide population. Advanced glycation end products (AGEs), which are considered metabolic biomarkers of increased oxidative stress, have a pathogenic role in the development and progression of different(More)
BACKGROUND Sialyltransferase 8B (SIAT8B) and 8D (SIAT8D) are two polysialyltransferases that catalyze the transfer of polysialic acid (PSA) to the neural cell adhesion molecule 1 (NCAM1). PSA modification of NCAM1 plays an important role in neurodevelopment of the brain and disruption of this process is postulated as an etiologic factor in psychiatric(More)
Recent progress in genotyping technology and the development of public databases has enabled large-scale genome-wide association tests with diseases. We performed a two-stage genome-wide association study (GWAS) of bipolar disorder (BD) in Japanese cohorts. First we used Affymetrix 100K GeneChip arrays in the analysis of 107 cases with bipolar I disorder(More)
Hypoactivity of neuropeptide Y (NPY) is thought to be involved in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia, because post-mortem brain studies revealed a decrease of the NPY in schizophrenia, and antipsychotic treatments increase the NPY in animal brains and in cerebrospinal fluid of patients. We performed genetic analysis of the NPY gene in schizophrenia.(More)
The hypocretin (also known as orexin) neuropeptide system coordinates the regulation of various physiological processes. A reduction in Nr6a1 expression was observed in hypocretin neuron-ablated transgenic mice. To show that prepro-hypocretin transcription is functionally modulated by NR6A1, we performed chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) analysis,(More)
Tardive dyskinesia (TD) is characterized by repetitive, involuntary, and purposeless movements that develop in patients treated with long-term dopaminergic antagonists, usually antipsychotics. By a genome-wide association screening of TD in 50 Japanese schizophrenia patients with treatment-resistant TD and 50 Japanese schizophrenia patients without TD(More)
BACKGROUND Results of recent DNA microarray analyses of postmortem brains of patients with schizophrenia revealed that expression of the PDZ and LIM domain 5 gene (PDLIM5) is increased. In the present study, we examined whether polymorphisms in PDLIM5 are associated with schizophrenia. METHODS We screened for mutations in PDLIM5 in 24 Japanese patients(More)
BACKGROUND Neural endocannabinoid function appears to be involved in schizophrenia. Two endocannabinoid receptors, CB1 and CB2, are found in the brain and elsewhere in the body. We investigated roles of CB2 in schizophrenia. MATERIALS AND METHODS An association study was performed between tag single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the CNR2 gene(More)
The clinical features of a Japanese family with autosomal dominant adult-onset amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) are reported. Weakness initially affected the bulbar musculature, with later involvement of the extremities. Genetic studies failed to detect any mutations of the Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase-1 (SOD1) and Dynactin1 (DCTN1) genes, but revealed a(More)
We report a 52-year-old Japanese man showing both upper and lower motor neuron signs with familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Analysis of the TAR DNA-binding protein of 43 kDa (TDP-43) gene (TARDBP) revealed a glycine-to-serine substitution at position 298 (G298S). Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) level of total tau protein (CSF-tau) of our patient was(More)