Makobetsa Khati

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Entry of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) into cells is mediated by the virion surface envelope (Env) glycoproteins, making it a desirable target for antiretroviral entry inhibitors. We previously isolated a family of gp120 binding RNA aptamers and showed that they neutralized the infectivity of HIV-1. In this study, we assessed the activity of a(More)
BACKGROUND Despite the enormous global burden of tuberculosis (TB), conventional approaches to diagnosis continue to rely on tests that have major drawbacks. The improvement of TB diagnostics relies, not only on good biomarkers, but also upon accurate detection methodologies. The 10-kDa culture filtrate protein (CFP-10) and the 6-kDa early secreted antigen(More)
Tuberculosis (TB), which is caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis, remains one of the most prevalent infectious diseases worldwide which causes high morbidity and mortality. However, there is still limited understanding of the physiological processes that allow M. tuberculosis to survive in its host environment. One of the challenges is the limited(More)
The long-term cumulative cytotoxicity of antiretrovirals (ARVs) is among the major causes of treatment failure in patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and patients with AIDS. This calls for the development of novel ARVs with less or no cytotoxicity. In the present study, we compared the cytotoxic effects of a cross-clade HIV type(More)
Bacterial cell wall components have been previously used as infection biomarkers detectable by antibodies. However, it is possible that the surface of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M. tb), the causative agent of tuberculosis (TB), also possesses molecules which might be non-antigenic. This makes the probing of biomarkers on the surface of M. tb cell wall(More)
Aptamers, simply described as chemical antibodies, are synthetic oligonucleotide ligands or peptides that can be isolated in vitro against diverse targets including toxins, bacterial and viral proteins, virus-infected cells, cancer cells and whole pathogenic microorganisms. Aptamers assume a defined three-dimensional structure and generally bind functional(More)
Aptamers, which are artificial nucleic acid ligands akin to antibodies in function, represent a new class of molecules that can prevent HIV infection. In this study, we isolated RNA aptamers against whole HV-1CAP45 enveloped pseudotyped virus, with a view to target surface molecules that facilitate infection, such as the envelope protein, in their native(More)
The majority of HIV-1 infections occur via sexual intercourse. Women are the most affected by the epidemic, particularly in developing countries, due to their socio-economic dependence on men and the fact that they are often victims of gender based sexual violence. Despite significant efforts that resulted in the reduction of infection rates in some(More)
HIV-associated cardiomyopathy (HIVCM) is of clinical concern in developing countries because of a high HIV-1 prevalence, especially subtype C, and limited access to highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). For these reasons, we investigated the direct and indirect effects of HIV-1 subtype C infection of cultured human cardiomyocytes and the mechanisms(More)
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