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In the present study we characterized in detail the expression of aromatase P450 in leiomyomas to determine the role of in situ estrogen in the growth advantage of leiomyomas. The levels of aromatase P450 transcripts were determined by quantitative RT-PCR to be significantly higher in leiomyomas than in corresponding myometrium. The overexpression of(More)
To clarify the role of disintegrin-like and metalloproteinase with thrombospondin type I motifs-1 (ADAMTS-1) in ovarian function, we examined abnormalities in ovulatory processes, folliculogenesis and the vascular system of ADAMTS-1 null ovaries. First, when immature female mice were treated with pregnant mare serum gonadotropin (PMSG)/human chorionic(More)
Estrogen plays a major role in bone mineral homeostasis, maintaining a balance between bone formation and bone resorption not only in women but also in men. Extraglandular aromatization of circulating androgen is the major source of estrogen in post-menopausal women and men. In order to assess the capacity of bone cells as a local source of estrogen,(More)
The expression of aromatase is regulated in a tissue-specific fashion through alternative use of multiple promoter-specific first exons. To date, eight different first exons have been reported in human aromatase, namely I.1., I.2, I.3. I.4, I.5, PII, 2a, and 1f. Recently, we have found a new putative exon I in a RACE-generated library of THP-1 cells and(More)
BACKGROUND Metformin, an antidiabetic drug, decreases the incidence of various cancers in diabetic patients. Metformin-induced inhibition of cancer cell proliferation has been confirmed in vitro but not in humans. Because endometrial cancer is associated with insulin resistance, the authors investigated whether a diabetes-therapeutic metformin dose inhibits(More)
The CYP19 gene encoding aromatase P450 (estrogen synthetase) is expressed in several extragonadal sites and regulated in a tissue-specific fashion, which is achieved by alternative use of the seven different promoters (and corresponding exons 1) of the CYP19 gene. Previously, we demonstrated that aromatase P450 is overexpressed in leiomyoma tissue and that(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the management of symptomatic leiomyomas using a nonsteroidal aromatase inhibitor in perimenopausal women. DESIGN Case report. SETTING Academic clinical practice. PATIENT(S) A 53-year-old woman suffering from recurrent urinary retention secondary to a uterine leiomyoma. INTERVENTION(S) Fadrozole, orally, 2 mg daily for 8 weeks(More)
The human CYP19 (P450arom) gene is located in the chromosome 15q21.2 region and is comprised of a 30 kb coding region and a 93 kb regulatory region. The Internet-based Human Genome Project data enabled us to elucidate its complex organization. The unusually large regulatory region contains 10 tissue-specific promoters that are alternatively used in various(More)
The intestinal-carriage rates of Clostridium difficile in neonates hospitalized in the University Hospital's Center for Perinatal and Reproductive Health and in infants and children enrolled in two day-nurseries and a kindergarten were examined. Swab samples from the floors of these facilities were also analyzed to determine the extent of environmental(More)
Based on the microRNA (miRNA) expression signatures of hypopharyngeal and esophageal squamous cell carcinoma, we found that miR-1 was significantly down-regulated in cancer cells. In this study, we investigated the functional significance of miR-1 in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) cells and identified miR-1-regulated novel cancer pathways.(More)