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Based on the microRNA (miRNA) expression signatures of hypopharyngeal and esophageal squamous cell carcinoma, we found that miR-1 was significantly down-regulated in cancer cells. In this study, we investigated the functional significance of miR-1 in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) cells and identified miR-1-regulated novel cancer pathways.(More)
In the present study we characterized in detail the expression of aromatase P450 in leiomyomas to determine the role of in situ estrogen in the growth advantage of leiomyomas. The levels of aromatase P450 transcripts were determined by quantitative RT-PCR to be significantly higher in leiomyomas than in corresponding myometrium. The overexpression of(More)
BACKGROUND The current study examined the clinical usefulness of YKL-40 in detection and prognosis of uterine cervical cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS Serum levels of YKL-40, cancer antigen 125 (CA 125), carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA19-9), and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) antigen were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in women with benign(More)
Molecular abnormalities in the epithelial cells of endometriosis and their relevance to carcinogenesis of the ovary have been well studied. On the other hand, the differences of proinflammatory microenvironments between endometriosis and ovarian carcinomas have not been well documented yet. In this study, the expression patterns of CXC chemokines (IL-8,(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the management of symptomatic leiomyomas using a nonsteroidal aromatase inhibitor in perimenopausal women. DESIGN Case report. SETTING Academic clinical practice. PATIENT(S) A 53-year-old woman suffering from recurrent urinary retention secondary to a uterine leiomyoma. INTERVENTION(S) Fadrozole, orally, 2 mg daily for 8 weeks(More)
Cervical cancer is one of the most common cancers in women. More than 275,100 women die from cervical cancer each year. Cervical squamous cell carcinoma (cervical SCC), one of the most frequent types of cervical cancers, is associated with high-risk human papilloma virus (HPV), although HPV infection alone may not be enough to induce malignant(More)
BACKGROUND Metformin, an antidiabetic drug, decreases the incidence of various cancers in diabetic patients. Metformin-induced inhibition of cancer cell proliferation has been confirmed in vitro but not in humans. Because endometrial cancer is associated with insulin resistance, the authors investigated whether a diabetes-therapeutic metformin dose inhibits(More)
Estrogen plays a major role in bone mineral homeostasis, maintaining a balance between bone formation and bone resorption not only in women but also in men. Extraglandular aromatization of circulating androgen is the major source of estrogen in post-menopausal women and men. In order to assess the capacity of bone cells as a local source of estrogen,(More)
To clarify the role of disintegrin-like and metalloproteinase with thrombospondin type I motifs-1 (ADAMTS-1) in ovarian function, we examined abnormalities in ovulatory processes, folliculogenesis and the vascular system of ADAMTS-1 null ovaries. First, when immature female mice were treated with pregnant mare serum gonadotropin (PMSG)/human chorionic(More)
CONTEXT Symptomatic uterine leiomyoma is associated with irregular uterine bleeding, anemia, and recurrent pregnancy loss. African-American women develop uterine leiomyomas at an earlier age and with higher frequency compared with Caucasian-American women or other races; however, the underlying mechanism for this discrepancy is unknown. OBJECTIVE Our(More)