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PURPOSE Panayiotopoulos syndrome (PS) is a type of benign childhood partial epilepsy that is frequently associated with abundant multifocal spikes other than main occipital spikes on the EEG. In this study, we investigated the characteristic features of dipoles in PS. METHODS We performed dipole analysis of the interictal occipital spike discharges seen(More)
To elucidate an effective therapeutic strategy for 'ESES syndrome', epilepsy with electrical status epilepticus during slow sleep (ESES) and its related epileptic disorders, we studied the effect of treatment on the EEG pattern of continuous spike-waves during slow wave sleep (CSWS) in 15 afflicted patients. Basically performed in the following order, the(More)
OBJECTIVE We tried to determine the error range of dipole modeling for EEG spikes originating from various clinically important sources by a simulation study employing a realistic head model. The computed error range was also compared with the degree of disturbance of dipole modeling caused by adding background activity to the spike. METHODS The scalp(More)
To clarify the diagnostic issues and treatment of patients with cryptogenic or symptomatic generalized epilepsies, not including West syndrome (WS), we investigated electroclinical change during the clinical course, and treatment effects in these patients. The selection criteria were minor generalized seizures as their main seizure type and diffuse(More)
We report on a 4-year 8-month-old boy with Panayiotopoulos syndrome who showed atypical evolution with newly developed absence seizures and EEG exacerbation induced by carbamazepine. Soon after the introduction of carbamazepine, EEGs began to worsen, and finally absence seizures and myoclonic seizures appeared. Immediately after we discontinued(More)
Because high-frequency oscillations (HFOs) may affect normal brain functions, we examined them using electroencephalography (EEG) in epilepsy with continuous spike-waves during slow-wave sleep (CSWS), a condition that can cause neuropsychological regression. In 10 children between 6 and 9 years of age with epilepsy with CSWS or related disorders, we(More)
We studied the relationship between patients with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and those with pervasive developmental disorders (PDD), using the High-Functioning Autism Spectrum Screening Questionnaire (ASSQ) and ADHD Rating Scale-IV. The ASSQ scores of the PDD group and the ADHD group were significantly higher than the control group.(More)
To elucidate developmental changes of the Summary Scores of the Boston Qualitative Scoring System (BQSS) for the Rey-Osterrieth Complex Figure (ROCF). One hundred healthy children aged 6-16 (average 9.7 +/- 2.4; 60 boys, 40 girls). The ROCF was administered and graded based on the BQSS. The subjects were classified in four age-groups: 6- and 7-year-olds; 8-(More)
OBJECTIVE We investigated the frequency and characteristics of reading disorder comorbid with pervasive developmental disorder (PDD) or attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (AD/HD). METHODS Articulation times and reading errors were evaluated using four Japanese reading tasks (a monomoraic syllable reading task, a word reading task, a non-word reading(More)
BACKGROUND A few studies have explored the prevalence of dyslexia among children who speak Japanese as their native language by evaluating them individually by means of reading-based tasks. The present study was designed to clarify the frequency of suspected dyslexia among second-graders attending ordinary classes. METHODS The subjects were 40 children(More)