Learn More
PURPOSE Panayiotopoulos syndrome (PS) is a type of benign childhood partial epilepsy that is frequently associated with abundant multifocal spikes other than main occipital spikes on the EEG. In this study, we investigated the characteristic features of dipoles in PS. METHODS We performed dipole analysis of the interictal occipital spike discharges seen(More)
To elucidate an effective therapeutic strategy for 'ESES syndrome', epilepsy with electrical status epilepticus during slow sleep (ESES) and its related epileptic disorders, we studied the effect of treatment on the EEG pattern of continuous spike-waves during slow wave sleep (CSWS) in 15 afflicted patients. Basically performed in the following order, the(More)
We studied the relationship between patients with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and those with pervasive developmental disorders (PDD), using the High-Functioning Autism Spectrum Screening Questionnaire (ASSQ) and ADHD Rating Scale-IV. The ASSQ scores of the PDD group and the ADHD group were significantly higher than the control group.(More)
BACKGROUND A few studies have explored the prevalence of dyslexia among children who speak Japanese as their native language by evaluating them individually by means of reading-based tasks. The present study was designed to clarify the frequency of suspected dyslexia among second-graders attending ordinary classes. METHODS The subjects were 40 children(More)
OBJECTIVE We tried to determine the error range of dipole modeling for EEG spikes originating from various clinically important sources by a simulation study employing a realistic head model. The computed error range was also compared with the degree of disturbance of dipole modeling caused by adding background activity to the spike. METHODS The scalp(More)
We report on a 4-year 8-month-old boy with Panayiotopoulos syndrome who showed atypical evolution with newly developed absence seizures and EEG exacerbation induced by carbamazepine. Soon after the introduction of carbamazepine, EEGs began to worsen, and finally absence seizures and myoclonic seizures appeared. Immediately after we discontinued(More)
To clarify the diagnostic issues and treatment of patients with cryptogenic or symptomatic generalized epilepsies, not including West syndrome (WS), we investigated electroclinical change during the clinical course, and treatment effects in these patients. The selection criteria were minor generalized seizures as their main seizure type and diffuse(More)
Because high-frequency oscillations (HFOs) may affect normal brain functions, we examined them using electroencephalography (EEG) in epilepsy with continuous spike-waves during slow-wave sleep (CSWS), a condition that can cause neuropsychological regression. In 10 children between 6 and 9 years of age with epilepsy with CSWS or related disorders, we(More)
To elucidate the pathophysiology of spasms in series, the distribution and density of spikes on hypsarrhythmia were studied in 13 patients with West syndrome by excluding slow waves from EEG using a digital filter. (1) Interictal spikes were mostly multifocal and dominant over the bilateral posterior head area with very few diffuse discharges. Therefore,(More)
As a part of the study to prevent West syndrome (WS) by early treatment, we assessed what kind of epilepsy developed in infants who showed epileptic discharges in early infancy. EEG examinations were performed on 116 infants born from 1997 to September 2004, both before and after 3 months of corrected age (CA). We divided 45 infants who showed epileptic(More)