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BACKGROUND There have been few reports on hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) and the natural history of NASH. Accordingly, we assessed the clinical features of HCC in NASH, the risk factors for HCC, and natural history of NASH with advanced fibrosis. PATIENTS AND METHODS There were 34 NASH patients with HCC and 348 NASH(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The pathogenesis of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) remains poorly understood. Although apoptosis is a common mechanism of liver injury, the extent and clinical significance of apoptosis in NASH has not been examined. Thus, the aims of this study were to quantify hepatocyte apoptosis in NASH, correlate it with disease severity, and(More)
AIMS The aim of our study was to elucidate the characteristics and natural history of Japanese nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). PATIENTS AND METHODS Two hundred and forty-seven patients were diagnosed as having biopsy-proven NAFLD at Tokyo Women's Medical University or an affiliated hospital from 1990 to June 2004. Biopsies were scored for the(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM Ethnic differences in non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) are well-documented, but there has been no study on the prognosis of Japanese NASH patients with cirrhosis. Accordingly, we compared cirrhotic NASH with liver cirrhosis caused by chronic hepatitis C (LC-C) to clarify its clinical features and define the risk factors for death. (More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) is considered to play a role in the second hit of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). To clarify the effects of TNF in NASH we investigated TNF gene polymorphisms that might influence TNF production were investigated. METHODS We analyzed 102 patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD; 36 with(More)
BACKGROUND There are no surrogate serum markers for autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). An AIH scoring system was reported by the International Autoimmune Hepatitis Group; however, the criteria did not focus on making the distinction between AIH and NAFLD. We examined the effectiveness of using the AIH score for(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Hepatocyte apoptosis and fibrosis are both features of liver injury. However, the potential mechanistic link between these 2 processes remains obscure. Our aim was to ascertain if Fas-mediated hepatocyte apoptosis promotes liver fibrogenesis during extrahepatic cholestasis. METHODS Wild-type and Fas-deficient lymphoproliferation (lpr)(More)
Cholangiocarcinomas are usually fatal neoplasms originating from bile duct epithelia. Tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) is a promising agent for cancer therapy, including cholangiocarcinoma. However, many cholangiocarcinoma cells are resistant to TRAIL-mediated apoptosis. Thus, our aim was to examine the intracellular(More)
For the identification of susceptibility loci for primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC), a genome-wide association study (GWAS) was performed in 963 Japanese individuals (487 PBC cases and 476 healthy controls) and in a subsequent replication study that included 1,402 other Japanese individuals (787 cases and 615 controls). In addition to the most significant(More)
Although a lysosomal, cathepsin B-dependent (Ctsb-dependent) pathway of apoptosis has been described, the contribution of this pathway to tissue damage remains unclear. Our aim was to ascertain if Ctsb inactivation attenuates liver injury, inflammation, and fibrogenesis after bile duct ligation (BDL). In 3-day BDL mice, hepatocyte apoptosis, mitochondrial(More)