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Glucose-induced insulin secretion from beta-cells is often impaired in diabetic condition and by exposure to diabetogenic pharmacological agents. In pancreatic beta-cells, intracellular glucose metabolism regulates exocytosis of insulin granules, according to metabolism-secretion coupling in which glucose-induced mitochondrial ATP production plays an(More)
The melanocortin-4 receptor (MC4R) is a member of the seven membrane-spanning G protein-coupled receptor superfamily and signals through the activation of adenylyl cyclase. The MC4R mutations are the most common known monogenic cause of human obesity. However, no such mutations have been found in Japanese obese subjects. Here we report a novel homozygous(More)
Rapamycin, an immunosuppressant used in human transplantation, impairs beta-cell function, but the mechanism is unclear. Chronic (24 h) exposure to rapamycin concentration dependently suppressed 16.7 mM glucose-induced insulin release from islets (1.65+/-0.06, 30 nM rapamycin versus 2.35+/-0.11 ng/islet per 30 min, control, n=30, P<0.01) without affecting(More)
Diphenylhydantoin (DPH), which is clinically used in the treatment of epilepsy, inhibits glucose-induced insulin release from pancreatic islets by a mechanism that remains unknown. In the present study, DPH is shown to suppress glucose-induced insulin release concentration-dependently. In dynamic experiments, 20 microm DPH suppressed 16.7 mm glucose-induced(More)
Na+/K+-ATPase inhibition by ouabain suppresses ATP production by generating reactive oxygen species (ROS) and impairs glucose-induced insulin secretion from pancreatic islets. To clarify the signal-transducing function of Na+/K+-ATPase in decreasing ATP production by the generation of ROS in pancreatic islets, the involvement of Src was examined. In(More)
Tacrolimus is widely used for immunosuppressant therapy, including various organ transplantations. One of its main side effects is hyperglycemia due to reduced insulin secretion, but the mechanism remains unknown. We have investigated the metabolic effects of tacrolimus on insulin secretion at a concentration that does not influence insulin content.(More)
To investigate the effects of chronic exposure to ketone bodies on glucose-induced insulin secretion, we evaluated insulin release, intracellular Ca2+ and metabolism, and Ca2+ efficacy of the exocytotic system in rat pancreatic islets. Fifteen-hour exposure to 5 mM d-beta-hydroxybutyrate (HB) reduced high glucose-induced insulin secretion and augmented(More)
We report a new Japanese family with tricho-rhino-phalangeal syndrome type III (TRPS III) who have a missense mutation (Arg908Gln) of theTRPS1 gene (TRPS1) in affected individuals of the family. This study supports the notion that TRPS III results from missense mutations in exon 6 of TRPS1.
The presence of TSH receptor antibody (TRAb) is rarely responsible for hyperthyroidism due to metastatic lesions of thyroid carcinoma. A 70-year-old woman was incidentally found to be thyrotoxic around the time that external irradiation was performed for multiple bone metastases 9 years after subtotal thyroidectomy for follicular carcinoma. Hyperthyroidism(More)
Glucose and other nutrients have been shown to stimulate insulin release from pancreatic islets under Ca2+-depleted condition when protein kinase A (PKA) and protein kinase C (PKC) are activated simultaneously. We investigated the role of metabolic nucleotide signals including ATP, ADP, and GTP in exocytosis of insulin secretory granules under Ca2+-depleted(More)