Makiko Sakka

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Clostridium josui xylanase Xyn10A is a modular enzyme comprising two family-22 carbohydrate-binding modules (CBMs), a family-10 catalytic module (CM), a family-9 CBM, and two S-layer homologous modules, consecutively from the N-terminus. To study the functions of the family-22 CBMs, truncated derivatives of Xyn10A were constructed: a recombinant CM(More)
In the global ocean nitrogen cycle, the anaerobic ammonium-oxidizing (anammox) process is recognized as important. In this study, we established an enrichment culture of marine anammox bacteria (MAB) in a column-type reactor. The reactor, which included a porous polyester non-woven fabric that had been placed at the sea floor in advance for enrichment, was(More)
The putative xyn11A structural gene (BH0899) encoding a family-11 xylanase from alkaliphilic Bacillus halodurans strain C-125 was heterologously expressed in the yeast Kluyveromyces lactis CBS 1065 and secreted to a level of 156 microg/ml under selective culture conditions in shake flasks. The Xyn11A production level in shake flask cultures of K. lactis CBS(More)
The genome sequence of Bacillus licheniformis SVD1, that produces a cellulolytic and hemi-cellulolytic multienzyme complex, was partially determined, indicating that the glycoside hydrolase system of this strain is highly similar to that of B. licheniformis ATCC14580. All of the fifty-six genes encoding glycoside hydrolases identified in B. licheniformis(More)
The xylanase B gene encoding a thermostable family 10 xylanase of Clostridium stercorarium was expressed in plants under the control of a constitutive promoter. Two forms of the xylanase B gene, the xynB gene encoding the full length of the xylanase B gene including the bacterial signal sequence and the xynBM gene without the signal sequence region, were(More)
Polysaccharides are major structural constituents to develop the three-dimensional architecture of Escherichia coli biofilms. In this study, confocal laser scanning microscopy was applied in combination with a fluorescent probe to analyze the location and arrangement of exopolysaccharide (EPSh) in microcolonies of E. coli K-12 derived strains, formed as(More)
Clostridium stercorarium Xyn10B having hydrolytic activities on xylan and beta-1,3-1,4-glucan is a modular enzyme composed of two family-22 carbohydrate-binding modules (CBMs), a family-10 catalytic module of the glycoside hydrolases, a family-9 CBM, and two S-layer homologous modules, consecutively from the N-terminus. We investigated the function of(More)
Paenibacillus curdlanolyticus B-6 Xyn10C is a single module xylanase consisting of a glycoside hydrolase family-10 catalytic module. The recombinant enzyme, rXyn10C, was produced by Escherichia coli and characterized. rXyn10C was highly active toward soluble xylans derived from rye, birchwood, and oat spelt, and slightly active toward insoluble wheat(More)
S-layer homology (SLH) module polypeptides were derived from Clostridium josui xylanase Xyn10A, Clostridium stercorarium xylanase Xyn10B, and Clostridium thermocellum scafoldin dockerin binding protein SdbA as rXyn10A-SLH, rXyn10B-SLH, and rSdbA-SLH, respectively. Their binding specificities were investigated using various cell wall preparations.(More)
A small enzyme showing diaphorase activity was purified from culture supernatant of Clostridium kluyveri and its N-terminal amino acid sequence was determined. This sequence identified a gene (diaA) encoding a protein (DiaA) of 229 amino acids with a predicted molecular weight of 24,981 in the genomic DNA sequence database of C. kluyveri constructed by the(More)