Makiko Morita

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BACKGROUND X-ray cross-complementing group 1 (XRCC1) polymorphisms affect DNA repair capacity and may therefore be of importance in colorectal carcinogenesis. Alcohol consumption, an important risk factor for colorectal cancer, may induce carcinogenesis through DNA damage caused by the toxic effects of alcohol or its metabolites. Therefore, we examined the(More)
Estrogen receptor (ER)-β signaling has generally been implicated in protection against colorectal cancer. The ER-β gene cytosine-adenine (ESR2 CA) repeat polymorphism was reported to be associated with colorectal cancer, although showing contradicting results probably caused by ethnicity or age distribution of the subjects. We investigated the association(More)
Microtubule reorganization is necessary for many cellular functions such as cell migration, cell polarity and cell division. Dynamin was originally identified as a microtubule-binding protein. Previous limited digestion experiment revealed that C-terminal 100-amino acids proline rich domain (PRD) of dynamin is responsible for microtubule binding in vitro.(More)
One-carbon metabolism plays an important role in colorectal carcinogenesis. Meta-analyses have suggested protective associations of folate and vitamin B6 intakes with colorectal cancer primarily based on studies in Caucasians, and genetic polymorphisms pertaining to the folate metabolism have been a matter of interest. Less investigated are the roles of(More)
Microsomal epoxide hydrolase (EPHX1) plays an important role in the activation and detoxification of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, carcinogens found in cigarette smoke. Polymorphisms in exon 3 (Y113H) and exon 4 (H139R) of the EPHX1 have been associated with enzyme activity. We investigated the risk of colorectal cancer in relation to the EPHX1 Y113H(More)
AIM The aim of this study was to examine the association of serum bilirubin, an endogenous antioxidant, with serum high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) level, HbA(1c), and the prevalence of type 2 diabetes in middle-aged and elderly Japanese men and women (n=12,400). METHODS Analysis of covariance and logistic regression analysis were used to(More)
Objective. Few studies have suggested an inverse relation between coffee intake and serum concentrations of uric acid (UA), but none has addressed the relation in men and women separately. We examined the relation between coffee intake and serum UA levels in free-living middle-aged and elderly men and women in Fukuoka, Japan. Methods. Study subjects were(More)
Myosin II ATPase activity is enhanced by the phosphorylation of MRLC (myosin II regulatory light chain) in non-muscle cells. It is well known that pMRLC (phosphorylated MRLC) co-localizes with F-actin (filamentous actin) in the CR (contractile ring) of dividing cells. Recently, we reported that HeLa cells expressing non-phosphorylatable MRLC show a delay in(More)
The large GTPase dynamin is strongly accumulated in the constricted area including midzonal microtubules of dividing cells. The proline-rich domain (PRD) of dynamin has been considered as a microtubule-binding domain. However, it remains unclear how PRD controls dynamin-microtubule interaction in mitotic cells. Here, we found that the microtubule-binding(More)
Folate-mediated one-carbon metabolism has been implicated in colorectal carcinogenesis. We investigated associations of functional genetic polymorphisms of methionine synthase (MTR), MTR reductase (MTRR), and thymidylate synthase (TS) with colorectal adenomas. The study subjects were 455 cases of colorectal adenomas and 1052 controls with no polyp at(More)