Learn More
The remnant kidney model is a mainstay in the study of progressive renal disease. The earliest changes in this model result from glomerular hemodynamic alterations. Given that progressive renal disease is the result of subsequent interstitial damage initiated by undetermined pathogenic factors, the authors investigated the role of hypoxia as a pathogenic(More)
All cysteines of mouse ileal and hepatic sodium-dependent bile acid transporters (Isbt and Ntcp, respectively) were individually replaced by alanine. Replacement of Cys106 in Isbt and Cys96 in Ntcp, which are located closely in alignment, decreased taurocholate uptake. Although Cys51 in Isbt is conserved in Ntcp, the replacement spoiled Isbt only. Both(More)
Accumulating evidence suggests a pathogenic role of chronic hypoxia in various kidney diseases. Chronic hypoxia in the kidney was induced by unilateral renal artery stenosis, followed 7 days later by observation of tubulointerstitial injury. Proteomic analysis of the hypoxic kidney found various altered proteins. Increased proteins included lipocortin-5,(More)
PURPOSE To report cases of late onset spontaneous in-the-bag dislocation of the intraocular lens (IOL) and to compare these results with past reports. METHODS We retrospectively studied 21 eyes of 18 patients with dislocation of the entire capsular bag containing the IOL. Gender, age, interval between original surgery and IOL dislocation, and the(More)
Chronic hypoxia likely plays a pivotal role in chronic renal disease, but the specifics of its involvement remain unclear. To elucidate how chronic hypoxia occurs and whether hypoxia participates in the progression of renal disease, the authors established an irreversible glomerulonephritis model induced by uninephrectomy and repeated anti-Thy-1 antibody(More)
Hypoxia in the tubulointerstitium has been thought to play pivotal roles in the pathophysiology of acute renal failure and the progression of chronic kidney disease. Pre-induction of hypoxia-inducible and renoprotective gene expression may protect subsequent ischemic injury. This study evaluated the efficacy of cobalt, which inhibits HIF-1 degradation and(More)
BACKGROUND Tubulointerstitial fibrosis leads to progressive kidney disease and, ultimately, may result in end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Myofibroblasts, which express alpha-smooth muscle actin (alpha-SMA) in their cytoplasm, regulate renal fibrogenesis. Recent studies suggest that certain interstitial myofibroblasts derive from renal tubular cells that(More)
BACKGROUND We previously demonstrated that chronic hypoxia has pivotal roles in the progression of tubulointerstitial injury from the early stage of the uninephrectomized Thy1 nephritis model. We have also shown that pretreatment of cobalt confers renoprotection in the ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury, in association with the up-regulation of(More)
PURPOSE To examine vitreous succinate levels from proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) patients and ascertain their association with PDR activity. DESIGN Comparative case series. METHODS A total of 81 eyes of 72 PDR patients were divided into active PDR (22 eyes), quiescent PDR (21 eyes), and active PDR with intravitreal bevacizumab injection (38(More)
FTY720 (fingolimod) has demonstrated efficacy in multiple sclerosis (MS). We evaluated the effects of FTY720 on progressive disability, viral load, and antibody responses in mice infected with Theiler's murine encephalomyocarditis virus (TMEV). FTY720 and phosphorylated FTY720 (FTY720-P) were detected in the brain after intraperitoneal injection of the(More)