Maki Yoshio

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Using a recently introduced electrophoresis system [Kashino et al. (2001) Electrophoresis 22: 1004], components of low-molecular-mass polypeptides were analyzed in detail in photosystem II (PSII) complexes isolated from a thermophilic cyanobacterium, Thermosynechococcus vulcanus (formerly, Synechococcus vulcanus). PsbE, the large subunit polypeptide of(More)
Catch muscles are found in some invertebrates which can maintain high passive tension with little energy expenditure for long periods after their active contraction. Twitchin in the catch muscles has the ability to facilitate the tight binding of thick filaments to thin filaments, which is the structural basis of the catch tension. We defined this ability(More)
We examined the occurrence of apoptotic cell death in the autopsied brains of four patients with Werdnig Hoffmann disease (WH), using TdT-mediated DIG-dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) and immunohistochemistry for apoptosis-related proteins. Three of the four patients, aged over 6 months, exhibited TUNEL-positive cells in the lateral nuclei of the thalamus,(More)
Twitchin, also called mini-titin, is structurally related to the giant elastic protein connectin/titin, and has been found in not only striated but also smooth muscles of bivalves. Many bivalve smooth muscles such as byssus retractor muscles and the opaque part of adductor muscles are known as catch muscles that can maintain high passive tension with little(More)
Biomolecular motors such as myosin, kinesin and dynein are protein machines that can drive directional movement along cytoskeletal tracks and have the potential to be used as molecule-sized actuators. Although control of the velocity and directionality of biomolecular motors has been achieved, the design and construction of novel biomolecular motors remains(More)
Molluscan muscle twitchin, a titin/connectin-related giant protein, regulates interactions between actin and myosin filaments at low Ca2+ concentrations. When it is dephosphorylated, actin filaments tightly bind to myosin filaments, resulting in the catch state known as the state of high passive tension with very low energy consumption. Yet when twitchin is(More)
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