Maki Sugiura

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Trigeminal motoneurons are involved in a variety of oral motor activities, including mastication and breathing, which must be adapted to postnatal environmental change. Serotonin has both an excitatory and an inhibitory effect on trigeminal motor function, whereas substance P has mainly an excitatory effect. In the present study, we measured the density of(More)
The acute effects of an alcohol extract of Crocus sativus L. (CS-extract) were studied on learning and memory in step through (ST) and step down (SD) tests in normal as well as in learning- and memory-impaired mice. A single oral administration of CS-extract had no effects on memory registration, consolidation or retrieval in normal mice. CS-Extract reduced(More)
The effects of ethanol and crocin on the induction of long-term potentiation (LTP) were investigated in the CA1 region of rat hippocampal slices in vitro. Ethanol (50-75 mM) suppressed the LTP induced by strong tetanic stimulation (51 pulses at 100 Hz). Crocin (20 microM) did not affect the baseline synaptic responses, but significantly prevented the(More)
The effects of crocin (crocetin di-gentiobiose ester) and its analogs on long-term potentiation (LTP) of evoked potential in the dentate gyrus were investigated by using anesthetized rats. Intracerebroventricular injection of crocin (51.2 nmol) alone did not affect the synaptic potential evoked by single stimulation of the medial perforant path, and neither(More)
We have previously found that crocin (crocetin di-gentiobiose ester) antagonizes the inhibitory effect of ethanol on long-term potentiation in the rat hippocampus in vivo and in vitro. To explore mechanisms underlying the antagonism of crocin against ethanol, we investigated the effects of ethanol and crocin on synaptic potentials mediated by(More)
We have previously found that alcohol extract of Crocus sativus L. (CSE), commonly known as saffron, prevents ethanol-induced inhibition of hippocampal long-term potentiation (LTP). In the present study, CSE (250 mg/kg, p.o.) was also effective in preventing acetaldehyde-induced inhibition of LTP in the dentate gyrus of anesthetized rats. These results(More)
1. Ethanol has been reported to inhibit the induction of long-term potentiation (LTP) in the hippocampus. However, the correlation between the effects of ethanol in vivo and in vitro remained unclear. In addition, previous works have little considered the possibility that the effect of ethanol is mediated by its metabolites. To solve these problems, we(More)
We determined whether the western X mycoplasma (WXM) isolated from Colladonus montanus could be maintained in vitro by ultrathin sections or by assay of infectivity. Large spherical or small electron-dense bodies like those found in intact infected cells were observed in some media. Infectivity of WXM can be maintained for 28 days in cultured salivary(More)