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BACKGROUND The pathogenesis of uterine leiomyomas, the most common benign tumor in women, remains unclear. Since acquired factors such as obesity, hypertension and early menarche place women at greater risk for uterine leiomyomas, uterine leiomyomas may be associated with epigenetic abnormalities that are caused by unfavorable environmental exposures. (More)
The alpha-glucosidase of Bacillus sp. strain SAM1606 is a member of glycosyl hydrolase family 13, and shows an extraordinarily broad substrate specificity and is one of very few alpha-glucosidases that can efficiently hydrolyze the alpha-1,1-glucosidic linkage of alpha,alpha'-trehalose (trehalose). Phylogenetic analysis of family-13 enzymes suggests that(More)
Dynamic changes of gene expressions occur in human endometrial stromal cells (ESCs) during decidualization. CCAAT/enhancer-binding proteinβ (C/EBPβ) regulates the expression of a number of decidualization-related genes. In addition to transcription factors, it is important to know the role of epigenetic mechanisms, such as histone modifications in the(More)
By adding betaine to the PCR mixture, we previously established a PCR method to amplify a DNA segment of the glycoprotein G gene of B virus (BV) derived from a rhesus macaque. We have found that DNA of other BV strains derived from cynomolgus, pigtail, and lion-tailed macaques can also serve as the template in our PCR assay. Under the same conditions no(More)
Dramatic changes of gene expressions occur in human endometrial stromal cells (ESCs) during decidualization. The changes in gene expression are associated with changes of chromatin structure, which are regulated by histone modifications. Here we investigated genome-wide changes in histone modifications associated with decidualization in human ESCs using(More)
We recently found that aberrant DNA hypomethylation is more common on the X chromosome than on other chromosomes in uterine leiomyomas by genome-wide DNA methylation profiling. To investigate the mechanism of aberrant hypomethylation on the X chromosome in uterine leiomyomas, we analyzed methylome and transcriptome data from three cases of leiomyomas and(More)
Melatonin protects luteinized granulosa cells (GCs) from oxidative stress in the follicle during ovulation. However, it is unclear in which cellular components (e.g., nuclei, mitochondria, or plasma membranes) melatonin works as an antioxidant. GCs from immature (3 wks) ICR mice were incubated with hydrogen peroxide (H2O2; 0.01, 0.1, 1, 10 mM) in the(More)
The mechanism controlling tissue-specific expression of estrogen receptor 1 (ESR1) is unclear. In other genes, DNA methylation of a region called the tissue-dependent and differentially methylated region (T-DMR) has been associated with tissue-specific gene expression. This study investigated whether human ESR1 has a T-DMR and whether DNA methylation of the(More)
The ovulatory LH surge induces rapid up-regulation of Cyp11a1 in granulosa cells (GCs) undergoing luteinization during ovulation. This study investigated in vivo whether epigenetic controls including histone modifications and DNA methylation in the promoter region are associated with the rapid increase of Cyp11a1 gene expression after LH surge. GCs were(More)
Differential diagnosis of uterine leiomyomas and leiomyosarcomas is needed to determine whether the uterus can be retained. Therefore, biomarkers for uterine leiomyomas, and reliable and objective diagnostic methods have been desired besides the pathological diagnosis. In the present study, we identified 12 genes specific to uterine leiomyomas based on DNA(More)