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Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) includes simple steatosis, nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), fibrosis, cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma. The gut-derived endotoxin plays an essential role in the pathophysiological development and progression of NAFLD. By using rat models of choline-deficient/L-amino acid-defined (CDAA)-diet-induced NAFLD,(More)
UNLABELLED Liver fibrosis is usually progressive, but it can occasionally be reversible if the causative agents are adequately removed or if patients are treated effectively. However, molecular mechanisms responsible for this reversibility of liver fibrosis have been poorly understood. To reveal the contribution of bone marrow (BM)-derived cells to the(More)
Since the authors reported the presence of collagenase in the liver as well as its increased activity in the early stage of hepatic fibrosis and its reduced activity in advanced fibrosis in rats induced by chronic CCl4 intoxication, in baboons fed alcohol chronically and in patients with alcoholic fibrosis, other investigators have demonstrated the same(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS The aim of this study was to investigate whether both matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) and membrane type 1 MMP (MT1-MMP) participate in the spontaneous resolution of liver fibrosis. METHODS Transcription of both genes was examined by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and in situ hybridization (ISH). Gelatinase(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Liver fibrosis is a dynamic state between matrix production and degradation. Since our report in 1974, many studies have examined collagenase and liver fibrosis, but not the identification of cells responsible for collagenase production in vivo. The aim of this study was to investigate the gene expression of interstitial collagenase in the(More)
The histological observation that well-differentiated cancer cells in early hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) invade portal tracts and/or fibrous bands and that these fibrous tissues then disappear suggests the participation of matrix metalloproteinase-1 (MMP-1) in the degradation of fibrous tissue. To confirm this hypothesis, the authors investigated the(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the role of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-13 gene expression in the early phase of recovery from liver fibrosis/cirrhosis. METHODS Liver fibrosis was induced in male Wistar rats by administration of carbon tetrachloride (CCl(4)) for 10 weeks. Recombinant adenovirus-mediated human MMP-13 gene transfer (RAdMMP-13) was performed via(More)
Transcription factor c-Jun serves for cellular proliferation, survival, differentiation and transformation and is recognized as an important factor in cancer development, including hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The purpose of present study is to determine the involvement of c-Jun in matrix metalloproteinase-1 (MMP-1) expression, which is previously(More)
Elevated matrix metalloproteinase-1 (MMP-1) expression is known to correlate with poor prognosis of pancreatic cancer. We investigated the molecular mechanisms of constitutive expression of MMP-1 in pancreatic cancer cell lines. Expression of MMP-1 mRNA and protein as well as its enzymatic activity were observed in three pancreatic cancer cell lines.(More)