Maki Kikukawa

Learn More
BACKGROUND Endotoxin plays an important role in the initiation and aggravation of alcoholic liver disease. In this study, we evaluated plasma endotoxin levels and serum concentrations of cytokines and lipopolysaccharide binding protein (LBP) during the acute and recovery phase of patients with alcoholic hepatitis; we also explored the prognostic factors(More)
Prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) still remains poor mainly because of intrahepatic metastasis. In the majority of cases, HCC is found in conjunction with liver cirrhosis. It is, therefore, of great importance to investigate the invasive and metastatic behavior of HCC in cirrhotic liver. To examine this, a liver cirrhosis model was produced by(More)
Murine hepatocellular carcinoma cells were retrovirally transduced with the bacterial cytosine deaminase (CD) gene. CD-transduced cells exhibited more than 120-fold higher sensitivity to 5-fluorocytosine (5-FC) compared with parental cells. When syngeneic immunocompetent mice were inoculated s.c. with parental hepatocellular carcinoma cells containing as(More)
To examine the immunological mechanisms involved in cancer gene therapy using the herpes simplex virus thymidine kinase (HSV-tk) gene and ganciclovir (GCV), murine hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells, BNL1ME A.7R.1, were transduced retrovirally with the HSV-tk gene. HSV-tk-transduced cells exhibited a more than 2,000-fold higher sensitivity to GCV compared(More)
Despite intensive efforts in the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), its prognosis remains poor, mainly because of intrahepatic metastasis. It is, therefore, important to investigate the invasive and metastatic behavior of HCC. To examine this, murine HCC cells were labeled with the fluorescent carbocyanine dye, DiI and implanted under the capsule(More)
Although expression of transgenes under the control of a retroviral long terminal repeat (LTR) promoter has been shown not to persist due to methylation, it has been observed that internal promoter may be active even if expression from the LTR promoter is silent. We constructed a retroviral vector carrying the herpes simplex virus thymidine kinase (HSVtk)(More)
Angiogenesis is essential for the development of a solid tumor, including hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). HCC is a well-known hypervascular tumor. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is one of the most potent angiogenic factors. Its role has not been clarified in vivo in HCC development. We used a self-contained, tetracycline-regulated retroviral(More)
We have recently isolated carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) promoter regions consisting of 419 bp and 204 bp from CEA-producing human colorectal carcinoma (CRC). We constructed CEA419/CD and CEA204/CD retroviruses carrying the bacterial cytosine deaminase (CD) gene directed by the CEA promoter regions. pCD2 retroviruses carrying the CD gene directed by the(More)
Although xenotransplantation of retrovirus-producing cells into a tumor has been shown to be effective for the treatment of cancer, injections of recombinant retroviruses are much more feasible for clinical applications. We established a clone producing retroviruses carrying the herpes simplex virus thymidine kinase (HSVtk) gene with titers of up to 4 x(More)
Because it appears impossible to transfer toxic genes to all the cells of a cancer, the bystander effect is critical to induce effective antitumor effects. In the present study, possible in vitro mechanisms of the bystander effect by the cytosine deaminase (CD) gene and 5-fluorocytosine (5-FC) were investigated. CD-transduced cancer cells exhibited much(More)