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To examine the immunological mechanisms involved in cancer gene therapy using the herpes simplex virus thymidine kinase (HSV-tk) gene and ganciclovir (GCV), murine hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells, BNL1ME A.7R.1, were transduced retrovirally with the HSV-tk gene. HSV-tk-transduced cells exhibited a more than 2,000-fold higher sensitivity to GCV compared(More)
Murine hepatocellular carcinoma cells were retrovirally transduced with the bacterial cytosine deaminase (CD) gene. CD-transduced cells exhibited more than 120-fold higher sensitivity to 5-fluorocytosine (5-FC) compared with parental cells. When syngeneic immunocompetent mice were inoculated s.c. with parental hepatocellular carcinoma cells containing as(More)
BACKGROUND Endotoxin plays an important role in the initiation and aggravation of alcoholic liver disease. In this study, we evaluated plasma endotoxin levels and serum concentrations of cytokines and lipopolysaccharide binding protein (LBP) during the acute and recovery phase of patients with alcoholic hepatitis; we also explored the prognostic factors(More)
Although xenotransplantation of retrovirus-producing cells into a tumor has been shown to be effective for the treatment of cancer, injections of recombinant retroviruses are much more feasible for clinical applications. We established a clone producing retroviruses carrying the herpes simplex virus thymidine kinase (HSVtk) gene with titers of up to 4 x(More)
Recent advances in molecular biology have made gene therapy for cancer feasible in clinical trials. Although recombinant adenovirus is an attractive vehicle for transferring therapeutic genes in vivo, animal studies have indicated that the clinical usefulness of adenovirus vectors may be limited by their immunogenicity. It has been shown that neutralizing(More)
Angiogenesis is essential for the development of a solid tumor, including hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). HCC is a well-known hypervascular tumor. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is one of the most potent angiogenic factors. Its role has not been clarified in vivo in HCC development. We used a self-contained, tetracycline-regulated retroviral(More)
We have recently isolated carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) promoter regions consisting of 419 bp and 204 bp from CEA-producing human colorectal carcinoma (CRC). We constructed CEA419/CD and CEA204/CD retroviruses carrying the bacterial cytosine deaminase (CD) gene directed by the CEA promoter regions. pCD2 retroviruses carrying the CD gene directed by the(More)
1. The aim of this study was to investigate the renal vascular response to angiotensin II (3-8) (AIV). The effect of the nitric oxide synthase inhibitor, NG-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) or the cyclooxygenase inhibitor, indomethacin on the AIV-induced response was examined in anaesthetized spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and normotensive(More)
Although adenovirus is an attractive vehicle for transferring therapeutic genes in vivo, animal studies have indicated that the clinical usefulness of adenoviruses may be limited by their immunogenicity. Although immunosuppressive strategies around the time of initial exposure of adenoviruses have been shown to prevent the formation of neutralizing(More)
The efficacy of expression of the herpes simplex virus thymidine kinase (HSV-tk) gene under the transcriptional control of the liver-specific albumin gene promoter, followed by ganciclovir treatment, was investigated both in vitro and in vivo. Murine and rat hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells infected with retroviruses carrying the HSV-tk gene under the(More)