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Obturator hernia (OH) is a rare type of pelvic hernia. As the symptoms are nonspecific and the physical findings are obscure, a correct diagnosis is often delayed until laparotomy for bowel obstruction, despite advances in diagnostic modalities. The high postoperative mortality rate is often attributed to the delay in diagnosis. This article aimed to review(More)
Meningeal melanocytoma is a rare pigmented tumor originating from the melanocytes that generally occurs in the posterior fossa and the spinal cord. Although it is known as a relatively benign tumor, some recurrences have been reported. We report two cases of spinal meningeal melanocytoma with immunohistochemical and ultrastructural studies. In addition, we(More)
Intraventricular tumors may arise from a variety of cells in the region. There are some difficulties in diagnosing these tumors because of their histologically similar appearance. We analyzed intraventricular tumors, including central neurocytoma, oligodendroglioma, cerebral neuroblastoma, and cerebellar neuroblastoma, the neuronal characters of which were(More)
Some reports suggest the positive correlation between Schistosoma japonicum infection and colorectal cancer, however the sufficient evidence that supports a causal relationship between them has not been established. Japan used be an endemic area of S. japonicum infection for 40 years ago. But now all of Japan is a non-endemic area of S. japonicum infection.(More)
Argentophilic neurofibrillary tangles were described in the cerebral cortex of Alzheimer's disease and later in the pigmented neurons in the brain stem of postencephalitic parkinsonism. In 1961, wide distribution of Alzheimer's neurofibrillary tangles in the central nervous system was observed in endemic fatal neurodegenerative diseases affecting the native(More)
Polymyxin B (PMB) is a cationic cyclic peptide that can selectively inhibit the growth of Gram-negative bacteria by disrupting the outer membrane permeability barrier through binding to lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Here, a fluorescent PMB derivative (PMB-Ds) was applied to visually confirm the vacuole as a direct lethal target of PMB against fungal cells,(More)
Diverticulitis in the terminal ileum is uncommon. Past reports suggested that conservative therapy may be feasible to treat terminal ileum diverticulitis without perforation; however, there is no consensus on the therapeutic strategy for small bowel diverticulitis. We present a 37-year-old man who was referred to our hospital for sudden onset of abdominal(More)
Toxic shock syndrome (TSS) is a rare but life-threatening multisystem disease known to develop in the early postoperative period after various surgery. We report a rare case in which a patient who underwent Caesarean section developed TSS caused by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) on the 39th postoperative day. She was treated with(More)
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