Makhosazane Zungu

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Awareness of the regulation of cell signaling by post-translational ubiquitination has emerged over the past 2 decades. Like phosphorylation, post-translational modification of proteins with ubiquitin can result in the regulation of numerous cellular functions, for example, the DNA damage response, apoptosis, cell growth, and the innate immune response. In(More)
The 5'-AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) functions as a metabolic fuel gauge that is activated in response to environmental stressors to restore cellular energy balance. In the heart, AMPK coordinates the activation of glucose and fatty acid metabolic pathways to ensure increased production of myocardial ATP when required, such as during cardiac(More)
We investigated whether chronic in vivo treatment with the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α agonist Wy-14,643 attenuates cardiac contractile function by impairing mitochondrial respiration. Wy-14,643 (25 mg kg−1 day−1) was administered to Wistar rats by oral gavage for 14 consecutive days, after which ex vivo heart function, myocardial(More)
Chronic hypobaric hypoxia (CHH) increases load on the right ventricle (RV) resulting in RV hypertrophy. We hypothesized that CHH elicits distinct responses, i.e., the hypertrophied RV, unlike the left ventricle (LV), displaying enhanced mitochondrial respiratory and contractile function. Wistar rats were exposed to 4 weeks CHH (11% O2) versus normoxic(More)
We investigated the direct effects of two selective PPARalpha ligands, fenofibrate and Wy-14,643, on mitochondrial respiratory function using isolated rat cardiac mitochondria. Isolated left ventricular mitochondria were incubated with increasing concentrations of fenofibrate or Wy-14,643 (10, 100, and 500 microM) and mitochondrial respiration determined(More)
We hypothesized the coordinate induction of mitochondrial regulatory genes in the hypertrophied right ventricle to sustain mitochondrial respiratory capacity and contractile function in response to increased load. Wistar rats were exposed to hypobaric hypoxia (11% O(2)) or normoxia for 2 wk. Cardiac contractile and mitochondrial respiratory function were(More)
Mitochondria are dynamic organelles that undergo a constant cycle of division and fusion to maintain their function. The process of mitochondrial fusion has the effect of mixing their content, allowing complementation of protein components, mtDNA repair, and distribution of metabolic intermediates. Fission, on the other hand, enables mitochondria to(More)
The ubiquitin proteasome system plays a role in regulating protein activity and is integral to the turnover of damaged and worn proteins. In this review, we discuss the recently described relationship between the ubiquitin proteasome system and the cardiac creatine kinase/phosphocreatine shuttle, an essential component of adenosine triphosphate generation(More)
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