Makhfudzah Mokhtar

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The performance of ASK over DCDM for up to seven channels is reported. The aggregate bit rate of 70 Gb/s is achieved with only 160-GHz modulation bandwidth. The clock and data recovery are realized at 10-GHz clock rate, which is very economic and efficient. At 7 × 10 Gb/s, the worst receiver sensitivity of −10 dBm, OSNR of 41.5 dB and chromatic dispersion(More)
Cross-entropy (CE)-based stopping criteria for turbo iterative decoding are known to outperform fixed-iteration stopping criteria at high signal-to-noise ratios (SNRs). While CE-based stopping criteria have a range of thresholds, a high-value threshold for small frame sizes, and vice versa, should be used. It is difficult to advocate the value that can be(More)
Measurement of reliability (MOR) stopping criterion is able to terminate early in the low and high signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) while maintaining the bit error rate (BER) performance. However, the performance of MOR is only based on one code structure and hence, the robustness of MOR is still unknown in turbo iterative decoding. Thus, this paper will test(More)
The invention of turbo codes has attracted many researchers to explore various fields regarding turbo codes since it provides better error rate performance compared to the existing codes. Good error rate performance gives a penalty to the complexity of the codes. It includes the complexity of decoding algorithm and iterative decoding. This paper reviews the(More)
(SDD) technique. All the components involved in the network were specified according to the available market product in order to simulate the actual environment as close as possible. The result shows that for bit error rate (BER) of 10 −9 , the network is able to perform with 20 km Single Mode Fiber (SMF) spanning from the central office (CO) and 1.48 km(More)
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