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The toxicity and carcinogenicity of formaldehyde (HCHO) has been attributed to its ability to form adducts with DNA and proteins. A marked decrease in mitochondrial membrane potential and inhibition of mitochondrial respiration that was accompanied by reactive oxygen species formation occurred when isolated rat hepatocytes were incubated with low(More)
This review summarises current knowledge on the various molecular chemopreventive or therapeutic mechanisms that may be involved when the administration of flavonoids or polyphenols prevented chemical carcinogenesis in animal models. These mechanisms can be subdivided into the following: 1) the molecular mechanisms involved in preventing carcinogen(More)
Superoxide radicals have been implicated in the pathogenesis of ischemia/reperfusion, aging, and inflammatory diseases. In the present work, we have shown that the Fe(3+) complexes of flavonoids (polyphenols) were much more effective than the uncomplexed flavonoids in protecting isolated rat hepatocytes against hypoxia-reoxygenation injury. The 2:1(More)
Epidemiological and clinical observations provide consistent evidence that regular intake of aspirin may effectively inhibit the occurrence of epithelial tumors; however, the molecular mechanisms are not completely understood. In the present study, we determined the ability of aspirin to acetylate and post-translationally modify cellular proteins in HCT-116(More)
The antioxidant properties of the dietary dihydroxycinnamic acids [caffeic (CA), dihydrocaffeic (DHCA), and chlorogenic (CGA) acids] have been well studied but little is known about their metabolism. In this article, evidence is presented showing that CA, DHCA, and CGA form quinoids and hydroxylated products when oxidized by peroxidase/H(2)O(2) or(More)
Pargyline, an antihypertensive agent and monoamine oxidase inhibitor, induces hepatic GSH depletion and hepatotoxicity in vivo in rats [E.G. De Master, H.W. Sumner, E. Kaplan, F. N. Shirota, H.T. Nagasawa, Toxicol. Appl. Pharmacol. 65 (1982) 390-401]. Propargyl alcohol (2-propyn-1-ol), because of its structural similarity to allyl alcohol, was thought to be(More)
Quantitative structure toxicity relationship (QSTR) equations were obtained to predict and describe the cytotoxicity of 31 phenols using logLD(50) as a concentration to induce 50% cytotoxicity of isolated rat hepatocytes in 2 h and logP as octanol/water partitioning: logLD(50) (microM)=-0.588(+/-0.059)logP+4.652(+/-0.153) (n=27, r(2)=0.801, s=0.261, P<1 x(More)
GSH was readily depleted by a flavonoid, H(2)O(2), and peroxidase mixture but the products formed were dependent on the redox potential of the flavonoid. Catalytic amounts of apigenin and naringenin but not kaempferol (flavonoids that contain a phenol B ring) when oxidized by H(2)O(2) and peroxidase co-oxidized GSH to GSSG via a thiyl radical which could be(More)
Caffeic acid (CA) is found in a wide variety of foods such as vegetables, fruits, tea, coffee, and wine. However, enzymes involved in its metabolism have not been identified. In the following, caffeic (CA), chlorogenic (CGA), and dihydrocaffeic (DHCA) acids were incubated with hepatocytes and shown to undergo metabolism by cytochrome P450,(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess allele frequency and genotype distribution of CYP2C9 polymorphisms in patients (n = 189) attending an anticoagulant clinic in comparison to control patients (n = 177) and also to assess if the patients with variant genotypes require lower doses of warfarin. METHODS Genotyping of the common CYP2C9 variants *2 and *3 was carried out by(More)