Majid Y. Moridani

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The toxicity and carcinogenicity of formaldehyde (HCHO) has been attributed to its ability to form adducts with DNA and proteins. A marked decrease in mitochondrial membrane potential and inhibition of mitochondrial respiration that was accompanied by reactive oxygen species formation occurred when isolated rat hepatocytes were incubated with low(More)
This review summarises current knowledge on the various molecular chemopreventive or therapeutic mechanisms that may be involved when the administration of flavonoids or polyphenols prevented chemical carcinogenesis in animal models. These mechanisms can be subdivided into the following: 1) the molecular mechanisms involved in preventing carcinogen(More)
Caffeic acid (CA) is found in a wide variety of foods such as vegetables, fruits, tea, coffee, and wine. However, enzymes involved in its metabolism have not been identified. In the following, caffeic (CA), chlorogenic (CGA), and dihydrocaffeic (DHCA) acids were incubated with hepatocytes and shown to undergo metabolism by cytochrome P450,(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess allele frequency and genotype distribution of CYP2C9 polymorphisms in patients (n = 189) attending an anticoagulant clinic in comparison to control patients (n = 177) and also to assess if the patients with variant genotypes require lower doses of warfarin. METHODS Genotyping of the common CYP2C9 variants *2 and *3 was carried out by(More)
GSH was readily depleted by a flavonoid, H(2)O(2), and peroxidase mixture but the products formed were dependent on the redox potential of the flavonoid. Catalytic amounts of apigenin and naringenin but not kaempferol (flavonoids that contain a phenol B ring) when oxidized by H(2)O(2) and peroxidase co-oxidized GSH to GSSG via a thiyl radical which could be(More)
The antioxidant properties of the dietary dihydroxycinnamic acids [caffeic (CA), dihydrocaffeic (DHCA), and chlorogenic (CGA) acids] have been well studied but little is known about their metabolism. In this article, evidence is presented showing that CA, DHCA, and CGA form quinoids and hydroxylated products when oxidized by peroxidase/H(2)O(2) or(More)
In current work, we investigated the in-vitro efficacy of Caffeic acid Phenethyl Ester (CAPE) as an anti-melanoma agent in five melanoma cell lines B16-F0, B16F10, SK-MEL-28, SK-MEL-5, and MeWo and in-vivo efficacy study in skin B16-F0 melanoma tumor model in C57BL/6 mice. The IC50 (48 h) of CAPE in above five melanoma cell lines was 15 µM. CAPE (20–200 µM)(More)
In the current work, we investigated the biochemical toxicity of acetylsalicylic acid (ASA; Aspirin) in human melanoma cell lines using tyrosinase enzyme as a molecular cancer therapeutic target. At 2 h, ASA was oxidized 88% by tyrosinase. Ascorbic acid and NADH, quinone reducing agents, were significantly depleted during the enzymatic oxidation of ASA by(More)
In this work, we investigated the biochemical mechanism of acetaminophen (APAP) induced toxicity in SK-MEL-28 melanoma cells using tyrosinase enzyme as a molecular cancer therapeutic target. Our results showed that APAP was metabolized 87% by tyrosinase at 2 h incubation. AA and NADH, quinone reducing agents, were significantly depleted during APAP(More)
PURPOSE The aim of this study was to identify phenolic agents that could form quinone reactive intermediate metabolites in melanocytes in order to be effective as anti-melanoma agents; but were not metabolized by liver P450 metabolizing enzymes in order to have minimal toxicity towards the liver. METHODS Tyrosinase, an enzyme present abundantly in(More)