Majid I. Iqbal

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OBJECTIVE The authors determined the risk of suicide during pregnancy. METHOD The autopsy reports of all female residents of New York City, 10-44 years old, who committed suicide from 1990 to 1993 were assessed for pregnancy. These data were compared with age-adjusted and race-adjusted standardized mortality ratios for women, which were calculated by(More)
Prenatal synthetic glucocorticoids (sGC) are administered to pregnant women at risk of delivering preterm, approximately 10% of all pregnancies. Animal studies have demonstrated that offspring exposed to elevated glucocorticoids, either by administration of sGC or as a result of maternal stress, are at increased risk of developing behavioral, endocrine, and(More)
Data centers are experiencing a remarkable growth in the number of interconnected servers. Being one of the foremost data center design concerns, network infrastructure plays a pivotal role in the initial capital investment and ascertaining the performance parameters for the data center. Legacy data center network (DCN) infrastructure lacks the inherent(More)
CONTEXT Hot weather taxes cardiovascular function and is associated with increased deaths from heart disease. Cocaine can cause hypertension, tachycardia, coronary vasospasm, arrhythmias, and increased core temperature. OBJECTIVE To determine the association between mortality from cocaine overdose and hot weather. SETTING New York, NY. DESIGN(More)
The human placenta has a number of protective mechanisms that help to prevent potentially harmful compounds from entering the fetal compartment. Two important transporter proteins are phospho-glycoprotein (P-gp) and breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP) which are mainly expressed in the syncytiotrophoblast where they actively extrude a wide range of(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Retention of substances from systemic circulation in the brain and testes are limited due to high levels of P-glycoprotein (P-gp) in the luminal membranes of brain and testes capillary endothelial cells. From a clinical perspective, P-gp rapidly extrudes lipophilic therapeutic agents, which then fail to reach efficacious levels.(More)
BACKGROUND Cocaine intoxication can lead to fatal cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events. In addition, the neurobehavioral effects of cocaine may increase the likelihood that a user will receive violent fatal injuries. Since New York City is a center for the importation and distribution of cocaine, we sought to determine the extent of cocaine use among(More)
OBJECTIVE The authors sought to determine the HIV seroprevalence among suicide victims in New York City. METHOD All suicides of city residents from 1991 through 1993 were studied. The crude proportion of all suicide victims who were HIV positive and the proportion adjusted to the age, gender, and racial/ethnic characteristics of the New York City(More)
Approximately 10% of pregnant women are at risk of preterm delivery and receive synthetic glucocorticoids (sGC) to promote fetal lung development. Studies have indicated that prenatal sGC therapy modifies hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) function in first-generation (F(1)) offspring. The objective of this study was to determine whether differences in(More)
BACKGROUND Neonates have been shown to have a heightened sensitivity to the central depressive effects of opioids compared to older infants and adults. The limited development of P-glycoprotein (P-gp) may limit the ability of the neonate to efflux morphine from the brain back to the systemic circulation. The objective of the study was to determine the(More)