Majid I. Iqbal

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Prenatal synthetic glucocorticoids (sGC) are administered to pregnant women at risk of delivering preterm, approximately 10% of all pregnancies. Animal studies have demonstrated that offspring exposed to elevated glucocorticoids, either by administration of sGC or as a result of maternal stress, are at increased risk of developing behavioral, endocrine, and(More)
BACKGROUND Neonates have been shown to have a heightened sensitivity to the central depressive effects of opioids compared to older infants and adults. The limited development of P-glycoprotein (P-gp) may limit the ability of the neonate to efflux morphine from the brain back to the systemic circulation. The objective of the study was to determine the(More)
SUMMARY Data centers are experiencing a remarkable growth in the number of interconnected servers. Being one of the foremost data center design concerns, network infrastructure plays a pivotal role in the initial capital investment and ascertaining the performance parameters for the data center. Legacy data center network (DCN) infrastructure lacks the(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Retention of substances from systemic circulation in the brain and testes are limited due to high levels of P-glycoprotein (P-gp) in the luminal membranes of brain and testes capillary endothelial cells. From a clinical perspective, P-gp rapidly extrudes lipophilic therapeutic agents, which then fail to reach efficacious levels.(More)
The early fetal brain is susceptible to teratogens in the maternal circulation, because brain microvessel expression of drug efflux transporter, P-glycoprotein (P-gp), is very low. However, there is a dramatic up-regulation of brain microvessel P-gp in late gestation. This study investigated the role of cortisol and dexamethasone in this up-regulation of(More)
INTRODUCTION The placenta contains efflux transporters, including P-glycoprotein (P-gp) and breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP), that limit the passage of xenobiotics, certain hormones and nutrients from the maternal to the fetal circulation. The expression of these transporters changes with gestational age, yet the mechanisms involved remain unknown.(More)
P-glycoprotein (P-gp), an efflux transporter encoded by the abcb1 gene, protects the developing fetal brain. Levels of P-gp in endothelial cells of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) increase dramatically during the period of peak brain growth. This is coincident with increased release of TGF-β1 by astrocytes and neurons. Although TGF-β1 has been shown to(More)
Approximately 10% of pregnant women are at risk of preterm delivery and receive synthetic glucocorticoids (sGC) to promote fetal lung development. Studies have indicated that prenatal sGC therapy modifies hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) function in first-generation (F(1)) offspring. The objective of this study was to determine whether differences in(More)
The human placenta has a number of protective mechanisms that help to prevent potentially harmful compounds from entering the fetal compartment. Two important transporter proteins are phospho-glycoprotein (P-gp) and breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP) which are mainly expressed in the syncytiotrophoblast where they actively extrude a wide range of(More)