Majid Hashemi

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Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGBP) reduces appetite and induces significant and sustainable weight loss. Circulating gut hormones changes engendered by LRYGBP are implicated in mediating these beneficial effects. Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is advocated as an alternative to LRYGBP, with comparable short-term weight loss and metabolic(More)
Obesity is associated with elevated inflammatory signals from various adipose tissue depots. This study aimed to evaluate release of regulated on activation, normal T cell expressed and secreted (RANTES) by human adipose tissue in vivo and ex vivo, in reference to monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) release. Arteriovenous(More)
The hemibiotrophic pathogen Fusarium culmorum (Fc) causes crown and root rot (CRR) in wheat. In this study, MeJA treatment was done 6 h after pathogen inoculation (hai) to focus the physiological and biochemical responses in root tissue of the susceptible wheat cv Falat, partially resistant cv Pishtaz and the tolerant cv Sumai3 at the beginning of the(More)
Opinions of healthcare professionals in the United Kingdom regarding bariatric surgery in adolescents are largely unknown. This study aims to explore the perspectives of medical professionals regarding adolescent bariatric surgery. Members of the British Obesity and Metabolic Surgery Society and groups of primary care practitioners based in London were(More)
Root and crown rot of wheat, caused by Fusarium culmorum (Fc), is a serious disease worldwide, particularly in Iran. Currently, the mechanisms underlying resistance to Fusarium-caused diseases are still unknown. Methyl jasmonate (MeJA) has been identified as a vital cellular regulator, and the effect of exogenous MeJA application during wheat-Fc interaction(More)
BACKGROUND Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGBP) and sleeve gastrectomy (SG) are the most common bariatric procedures undertaken globally but there are no evidenced-based criteria that inform the selection of one operation over the other. The purpose of this study was thus to compare weight loss outcomes between RYGBP and SG, and to define patient factors(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies show that 'poor responders' to Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGBP) may be identified on the basis of early postoperative weight loss. Early identification of poor responders could allow earlier provision of postoperative behavioural and/or intensive lifestyle interventions and enhance their maximal weight loss. Our aim was to(More)
Approximately 1.5 billion people worldwide are overweight or affected by obesity, and are at risk of developing type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease and related metabolic and inflammatory disturbances. Although the mechanisms linking adiposity to associated clinical conditions are poorly understood, recent studies suggest that adiposity may influence DNA(More)
The Fusarium crown and root rot (FCRR) pathogen Fusarium culmorum (Fc) is a hemibiotrophic pathogen, with a short biotrophic phase preceding necrotropism. Methyl jasmonate (MeJA) has been identified as a vital growth regulator, and in the current study MeJA (200 μM) was applied at 2 days post Fc-inoculation (2 dpi) to compare wheat responses to F. culmorum(More)
Reduced energy intake drives weight loss following Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and sleeve gastrectomy (SG) procedures. Post-operative changes in subjective appetite, taste, and smell and food preferences are reported and suggested to contribute to reduced energy intake. We aimed to investigate the prevalence of these changes following RYGB and SG and to(More)