Majid Esmaeilzadeh

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Common bile duct stones (CBDSs) may occur in up to 3%-14.7% of all patients for whom cholecystectomy is preformed. Patients presenting with CBDS have symptoms including: biliary colic, jaundice, cholangitis, pancreatitis or may be asymptomatic. It is important to distinguish between primary and secondary stones, because the treatment approach varies. Stones(More)
BACKGROUND An accident or a catastrophic disease may occasionally lead to brain death (BD) during pregnancy. Management of brain-dead pregnant patients needs to follow special strategies to support the mother in a way that she can deliver a viable and healthy child and, whenever possible, also be an organ donor. This review discusses the management of(More)
PURPOSE Desmoplastic infantile gliomas (DIG) are rare tumors that occur in infants aged between 1 and 24 months. The tumor in general has a favorable prognosis after surgical resection. There are no treatment algorithms, however, for patients with multiple intracranial and intraspinal presentations. CASE REPORT In an 11-month-old girl with a history of(More)
PURPOSE Navigated intracranial endoscopy with conventional technique usually requires sharp head fixation. In children, especially in those younger than 1 year of age and in older children with thin skulls due to chronic hydrocephalus, sharp head fixation is not possible. Here, we studied the feasibility, safety, and accuracy of electromagnetic(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic lymphocytic inflammation with pontine perivascular enhancement responsive to steroids (CLIPPERS) is an inflammatory disorder of the central nervous system; it has only recently been defined and to date has received only limited attention. Its cause is as yet unknown. The pathologic characteristics are infiltration of T lymphocytes into(More)
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