Majid Bani-Yaghoub

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To explore the potential role of ambient temperature on infection transmission dynamics for pathogens, we used Escherichia coli O157:H7 in a dairy herd and the surrounding farm environment as a model system. For this system, we developed a mathematical model in which a Susceptible-Infectious-Susceptible (SIS) model of infection spread through the host(More)
Coccidioidomycosis or Valley Fever (VF) is an emerging soil-borne fungal zoonosis affecting humans and animals. Most non-human cases of VF are found in dogs, which we hypothesize may serve as sentinels for estimating the human exposure risk. The objective of this study is to use the spatial and temporal distribution and clusters of dogs seropositive for VF(More)
Much of the current knowledge regarding biological processes has been obtained through in-vitro studies in bulk aqueous solutions or in conventional Petri-dishes, with neither methodology accurately duplicating the actual in-vivo biological processes. Recently, a number of innovative approaches have attempted to address these shortcomings by providing(More)
Networks of interacting signaling pathways are formulated with systems of reaction-diffusion (RD) equations. We show that weak interactions between signaling pathways have negligible effects on formation of spatial patterns of signaling molecules. In particular, a weak interaction between Retinoic Acid (RA) and Notch signaling pathways does not change(More)
Possible effects of interaction (cross-talk) between signaling pathways is studied in a system of Reaction-Diffusion (RD) equations. Furthermore, the relevance of spontaneous neurite symmetry breaking and Turing instability has been examined through numerical simulations. The interaction between Retinoic Acid (RA) and Notch signaling pathways is considered(More)
The basic reproduction number ℛ(0) for a compartmental disease model is often calculated by the next generation matrix (NGM) approach. When the interactions within and between disease compartments are interpreted differently, the NGM approach may lead to different ℛ(0) expressions. This is demonstrated by considering a(More)
The effectiveness of environmental decontamination (ED) as a measure in the control of infectious diseases is controversial. This work quantifies the effectiveness of ED by analysing the transmission of pathogens from the environment to susceptible hosts in a Susceptible-Infected-Susceptible model. Analysis of the model shows that ED can render a population(More)
Salmonella Typhimurium (STM) infection in pigs represents a considerable food safety concern. This study used mathematical modelling to evaluate the effectiveness of cleaning (faeces removal) as a measure to control STM spread among grower-finisher pigs. A modified Susceptible-Infected-Recovered-Susceptible (SIRS) model of STM transmission through a(More)