Learn More
[1] We have analyzed a brief period of same‐day observations of the Martian ionosphere using data obtained in December 2004 from the Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) and Mars Express (MEX) radio occultation experiments. These data were taken shortly after sunrise under solstice conditions in both hemispheres, with MGS in the summer (northern) hemisphere at high(More)
AIM To determine if acetazolamide, an effective treatment for certain inherited channelopathies, has therapeutic effects on infantile nystagmus syndrome (INS) in a well-studied subject, compare them to other therapies in the same subject and to tenotomy and reattachment (T&R) in other subjects. METHODS Eye-movement data were taken using a high-speed(More)
  • Paul Withers, Kathryn Fallows, +10 authors Oliver Witasse
  • 2012
[1] By examining electron density profiles from the Mars Express Radio Science Experiment MaRS, we show that the vertical structure of the dayside ionosphere of Mars is more variable and more complex than previously thought. The top of the ionosphere can be below 250 km (25% occurrence rate) or above 650 km (1%); the topside ionosphere can be well-described(More)
[1] Electron densities in planetary ionospheres increase substantially during solar flares in response to the increased solar irradiance at soft X-ray and extreme ultraviolet wavelengths. Here we modify an existing model of the ionosphere of Mars to incorporate time-dependent solar irradiances and use it to simulate ionospheric conditions during the X14.4(More)
The Neutral Gas and Ion Mass Spectrometer (NGIMS) on the Mars Atmosphere and Volatile EvolutioN (MAVEN) satellite measured the distribution of thermal ions (2–150 amu) at ionospheric heights (~130–400 km) under midday conditions during the “Deep-Dip” orbit campaign from 17 to 22 April 2015. Assuming charge neutrality, we use the sum of NGIMS ions as a proxy(More)
  • 1