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Background Little is known about the efficacy of language production treatment in subacute severe nonfluent aphasia. Although Melodic Intonation Therapy (MIT) is a language production treatment for this disorder, until now MIT effect studies have focused on chronic aphasia. Purpose This study examines whether language production treatment with MIT is(More)
Meta-analysis of receiver operating characteristic (ROC)-curve data is often done with fixed-effects models, which suffer many shortcomings. Some random-effects models have been proposed to execute a meta-analysis of ROC-curve data, but these models are not often used in practice. Straightforward modeling techniques for multivariate random-effects(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the discriminatory value and compare the predictive performance of six non-invasive tests used for perioperative cardiac risk stratification in patients undergoing major vascular surgery. DESIGN Meta-analysis of published reports. METHODS Eight studies on ambulatory electrocardiography, seven on exercise electrocardiography, eight(More)
The aim of the study was to compare the diagnostic performance of endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS), computed tomography (CT), and 18F-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) in staging of oesophageal cancer. PubMed was searched to identify English-language articles published before January 2006 and reporting on diagnostic performance(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the diagnostic value of a ghrelin test in the diagnosis of GH deficiency (GHD) shortly after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). DESIGN Prospective single-center observational cohort study. METHODS A ghrelin test was assessed after the acute phase of SAH and a GH-releasing hormone (GHRH)-arginine test 6 months post SAH.(More)
OBJECTIVE We describe the occurrence and course of anterior pituitary dysfunction (PD) after aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH), and identify clinical determinants for PD in patients with recent SAH. METHODS We prospectively collected demographic and clinical parameters of consecutive survivors of SAH and measured fasting state endocrine function(More)
BACKGROUND Memory self-efficacy (MSE) is the belief about one's mastery of memory functioning. In healthy elderly, memory complaints are related to MSE rather than to objectively measured memory capacity. MSE has scarcely been studied in patients that suffered a stroke. The aim of this study was twofold: (1) to examine whether memory capacity and MSE can(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the course of mood and identify its determinants up to 3 years after moderate to severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). DESIGN Prospective cohort study. PATIENTS Patients hospitalised with moderate to severe TBI, who survived until hospital discharge. METHODS At 3, 6, 12, 18, 24, and 36 months post-injury, mood was assessed with(More)
BACKGROUND Stroke patients with a low memory self-efficacy (MSE) report more memory complaints than patients with a high MSE. OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to examine the effect of a memory-training program on MSE in the chronic phase after stroke and to identify which patients benefit most from the MSE training program. METHODS In a randomized(More)
BACKGROUND Coping style is one of the determinants of health-related quality of life after stroke. Stroke patients make less use of active problem-oriented coping styles than other brain damaged patients. Coping styles can be influenced by means of intervention. The primary aim of this study is to investigate if Problem Solving Therapy is an effective group(More)