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Alobar holoprosencephaly is one of the most severe congenital malformations of the central nervous system. Most affected infants are stillborn or have a very short life-span. The survivors can present with neonatal seizures and/or infantile spasms. We report on an unusually long-lived patient with alobar holoprosencephaly and minor facial dysmorphism, who(More)
Mutations in the nuclear SURF1 gene are specifically associated with cytochrome c oxidase (COX)-deficient Leigh syndrome. MR imaging abnormalities in three children with this condition involved the subthalamic nuclei, medulla, inferior cerebellar peduncles, and substantia nigra in all cases. The dentate nuclei and central tegmental tracts were involved in(More)
Vanishing white matter is a leukoencephalopathy that usually affects young children. Five genes were found recently for this disease, allowing a DNA-based diagnosis. The authors describe six patients homozygous for the Arg113His mutation in eIF2Bepsilon. Only one had a childhood onset; four had a later onset and a protracted disease course; one adult still(More)
This study reports the clinical features of 63 patients with agenesis of the corpus callosum who received in-depth genetic, clinical, and laboratory testing with the aim to contribute to a better description of the large spectrum of associated malformations and to assist clinicians in the diagnosis. Thirty patients manifested complete agenesis and 33(More)
SUMMARY Late infantile GM1 gangliosidosis is a rare lysosomal disorder characterized by mental deterioration and progressive spastic, cerebellar, and extrapyramidal signs, without facial dysmorphisms and organomegaly. Neuroimaging findings have been reported in only a few cases. Here we report on predominant globus pallidus MR signal-intensity abnormalities(More)
Hypomyelinating leukoencephalopathies may be related to a primary disturbance in the formation of myelin or may be caused by neuronal, oligodendrocytic or astrocytic dysfunction, leading to a failure of myelination. Abnormal myelination related to a direct metabolic damage on oligodendrocytes has been shown to occur in some animal models of lysosomal(More)
BACKGROUND Mutations in genes encoding subunits of the tRNA-splicing endonuclease (TSEN) complex were identified in patients with pontocerebellar hypoplasia 2 (PCH2) and pontocerebellar hypoplasia 4 (PCH4). OBJECTIVE We report molecular genetic findings in 12 Italian patients with clinical and MRI findings compatible with PCH2 and PCH4. METHODS We(More)
We describe a child with severe psychomotor retardation, peripheral neuropathy and bilateral abnormal signal in basal ganglia on magnetic resonance imaging, consistent with Leigh disease. Fibroblast pyruvate dehydrogenase assayed with routine method was normal. However, because of neurological improvement after treatment with thiamine, pyruvate(More)
The characterization of the underlying GALC gene lesions was performed in 30 unrelated patients affected by Krabbe disease, an autosomal recessive leukodystrophy caused by the deficiency of lysosomal enzyme galactocerebrosidase. The GALC mutational spectrum comprised 33 distinct mutant (including 15 previously unreported) alleles. With the exception of 4(More)