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OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to identify neurophysiologic markers generated by primary motor and premotor cortex for laryngeal muscles, recorded from laryngeal muscle. METHODS Ten right-handed healthy subjects underwent navigated transcranial magnetic stimulation (nTMS) and 18 patients underwent direct cortical stimulation (DCS) over the left(More)
OBJECT Until now there has been no reliable stimulation protocol for inducing transient language disruptions while mapping Broca's area. Despite the promising data of only a few studies in which speech arrest and language disturbances have been induced, certain concerns have been raised. The purpose of this study was to map Broca's area by using(More)
The importance of food stimuli for all living organisms is defined by their relevance for survival. Therefore, visual processing of food stimuli is influenced by many factors, such as cultural and societal background. In this magnetoencephalography (MEG) study, we examined the categorization and memorization of visual food and non-food stimuli in lean(More)
OBJECTIVES To establish a methodology for mapping of primary motor cortex (M1) for cricothyroid (CTHY) muscles in a group of healthy subjects using three-dimensional (3D) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) navigated transcranial magnetic stimulation (nTMS). METHODS Two independent measurements were performed. Twelve right-handed healthy subjects were(More)
BACKGROUND Insulin is an anorexigenic hormone that contributes to the termination of food intake in the postprandial state. An alteration in insulin action in the brain, named "cerebral insulin resistance", is responsible for overeating and the development of obesity. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS To analyze the direct effect of insulin on food-related(More)
OBJECTIVE To establish the methodology for recording corticobulbar motor evoked potentials (CoMEPs) from cricothyroid muscles (CTHY) elicited by transcranial electrical (TES) and direct cortical stimulation (DCS). METHODS Six healthy subjects and 18 patients undergoing brain surgery were included in the study. In six healthy subjects as well as in nine(More)
The aim of the present study was to provide normative data for the Croatian language using 346 visually presented objects (Cycowicz, Friedman, Rothstein, & Snodgrass Journal of Experimental Child Psychology 65:171-237, 1997; Roach, Schwartz, Martin, Grewal, & Brecher Clinical Aphasiology 24:121-133, 1996; Snodgrass & Vanderwart Journal of Experimental(More)
Neurophysiologic basis of consciousness is still " terra incog-nita ". The crucial discovery of the importance of reticular activating system (RAS) in maintenance of consciousness is done by Moruzzi and Magoun (1). This experiment done in cats has been essential for our understanding of RAS in the maintenance of consciousness and its disorders caused by its(More)
Transcranial magnetic stimulation studies have so far reported the results of mapping the primary motor cortex (M1) for hand and tongue muscles in stuttering disorder. This study was designed to evaluate the feasibility of repetitive navigated transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) for locating the M1 for laryngeal muscle and premotor cortical area in the(More)
This paper describes the application of EEMD-ICA algorithms on electromyographic signals measured in laryngeal muscles. The method was used for the separation of singlechannel data into independent components. During the speech, there was a transcranial magnetic stimulation of the motor cortex area of the brain for speech production i.e. primary motor(More)
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