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The epidermis (including stratum corneum) of human keratinocytes cultured at the air-liquid interface attached to an appropriate substrate shows a morphology closely mimicking that of its in vivo counterpart. In spite of the histologic similarities, the barrier function seems to be impaired. The aim of the present study was to characterize development and(More)
The human extracellular matrix protein 1 (Ecm1) gene is located at chromosome band 1q21 close to the epidermal differentiation complex and is transcribed in two discrete mRNAs: a full length Ecm1a and a shorter, alternatively spliced, Ecm1b transcript, the expression of which is restricted to tonsils and skin. The chromosomal localization and the Ecm1b(More)
In a recent study the lipid phase behavior of mixtures of human ceramides, cholesterol, and free fatty acids has been examined. We observed in cholesterol: human ceramide mixtures a prominent formation of the 12.8 nm lamellar phase (referred to as the long periodicity phase). Addition of free fatty acids promoted the formation of a 5.6 nm lamellar phase(More)
Cultured human foreskin keratinocytes have been utilized extensively to study modulations in protein content during epidermal differentiation. In this study we examined their usefulness as a model system for differentiation-linked changes in lipid content and metabolism. First-to-third passage keratinocytes were grown in 10% fetal calf serum on a(More)
The dermatotoxicologist today is faced with a dilemma. Protection of workers and consumers from skin toxicities (irritation and allergy) associated with exposure to products, and the ingredients they contain, requires toxicological skin testing prior to manufacture, transport, or marketing. Testing for skin corrosion or irritation has traditionally been(More)
The standard imaging technique in fractography is the scanning electron microscopy (SEM). It provides large depth-of-focus and high contrast images at a large variability in magnification. However, the relation between the third dimension of fracture surface (depth of the fracture morphology) and the image brightness is complicated, and the real morphology(More)
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