Maja Krajinovic

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Although acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is the most common childhood cancer, factors governing susceptibility to this disease have not yet been identified. As such, ALL offers a useful opportunity to examine the glutathione S-transferase and cytochrome P450 genes in determining susceptibility to pediatric cancers. Both enzymes are involved in carcinogen(More)
We conducted a population-based case-control study of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) to evaluate the risk posed by reported exposure to pesticides used in and around the home. We compared 491 cases 0-9 years of age to as many controls. We also conducted a case-only study on a subsample of 123 cases to evaluate gene-environment interaction(More)
Objective: To evaluate the effect of parental smoking on childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia and to determine if it is modified by child genetic polymorphisms. Methods: We carried out a case–control study in Québec, Canada, including 491 incident cases aged 0–9 years and as many healthy controls matched on age and sex. Each parent was interviewed(More)
Despite the excellent efficacy of imatinib in chronic myeloid leukemia (CML), the response in patients is heterogeneous, which may in part be caused by pharmacogenetic variability. Imatinib has been reported to be a substrate of the P-glycoprotein pump. In the current study, we focused on the ABCB1 (MDR1) genotype. We analyzed the 3 most relevant single(More)
The central role of methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) in the folate metabolism renders MTHFR gene polymorphisms (C677T and A1298C) potential modulators of a variety of disorders whose development depends on folate/homocysteine imbalance. Here, we provide additional evidence on the protective role of these polymorphisms in acute lymphoblastic(More)
Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is the most common pediatric cancer. In utero and postnatal exposures to various carcinogens may play a role in the etiology of this disease. N-acetyltransferases, encoded by the NAT1 and NAT2 genes are involved in the biotransformation of aromatic amines present in tobacco smoke, environment, and diet. Their rapid and(More)
Breast cancer is the most frequent malignancy among women. Since genetic factors such as BRCA1 and BRCA2 as well as reproductive history constitute only 30% of the cause, environmental exposure may play a significant role in the development of breast cancer. Likewise, the relevant enzymes involved in the biotransformation of xenobiotics (from tobacco smoke,(More)
Methotrexate (MTX) is a key compound of chemotherapeutic regimens used in the treatment of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Resistance to this drug may arise by, among other factors, altered cellular uptake that may hamper the efficacy of the treatment. Recently, a G(80)A polymorphism has been described in the reduced folate carrier gene(More)
Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is the most common pediatric cancer. The genetic factors underlying the susceptibility to this disease remain elusive. The enzymes CYP2E1, MPO and NQO1 are involved in the biotransformation of a variety of xenobiotics present in organic solvents, tobacco smoke, drugs, plastic derivatives and pesticides. They also control(More)
Acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) is the most common childhood cancer. Genetic variants in the coding regions of the mismatch repair genes MLH1 (Ile-219Val) and MSH3 (Arg-940Glu and Thr-1036Ala) could contribute to an individual's susceptibility as modifiers in leukaemogenesis. To investigate this possibility, we conducted a case-control study on 287(More)