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The production of biodegradable polymers in transgenic plants in order to replace petrochemical compounds is an important challenge for plant biotechnology. Polyaspartate, a biodegradable substitute for polycarboxylates, is the backbone of the cyanobacterial storage material cyanophycin. Cyanophycin, a copolymer of l-aspartic acid and l-arginine, is(More)
The production of biodegradable polymers in transgenic plants is an important challenge in plant biotechnology; nevertheless, it is often accompanied by reduced plant fitness. In order to decrease the phenotypic abnormalities caused by cytosolic production of the biodegradable polymer cyanophycin, and to increase polymer accumulation, four translocation(More)
The production of biodegradable polymers that can be used to substitute petrochemical compounds in commercial products in transgenic plants is an important challenge for plant biotechnology. Nevertheless, it is often accompanied by reduced plant fitness. To decrease the phenotypic abnormalities of the sprout and to increase polymer production, we restricted(More)
The phosphatase and tensin homologue (PTEN) gene is considered to be a tumour-suppressor gene in various types of cancer, colorectal carcinoma among them. According to the 'two-hit' tumour-suppressor gene concept, inactivation occurs by any combination of the following three pathogenetic processes: mutation, loss of one allele [i.e. loss of heterozygosity(More)
A chimeric cyanophycin synthetase gene composed of the cphATe coding region from the cyanobacterium Thermosynechococcus elongatus BP-1, the constitutive 35S promoter and the plastid targeting sequence of the integral photosystem II protein PsbY was transferred to the tobacco variety Petit Havanna SRI and the commercial potato starch production variety(More)
Cyanophycin (CP) is a proteinogenic polymer that can be substituted for petroleum in the production of plastic compounds and can also serve as a source of valuable dietary supplements. However, because there is no economically feasible system for large-scale industrial production, its application is limited. In order to develop a low-input system,(More)
INTRODUCTION C-kit overexpression has previously been described in chromophobe renal cell carcinoma (cpRCC) and renal oncocytoma (RO). However, so far no KIT mutations have been found. The objective of our study was to analyse c-kit in a large cohort of renal tumors and to perform KIT mutation analysis in a subset cpRCC and RO cases with overexpression of(More)
Low-passage cancer cell lines are versatile tools to study tumor cell biology. Here, we have employed four such cell lines, established from primary tumors of colorectal cancer (CRC) patients, to evaluate effects of the small molecule kinase inhibitors (SMI) vemurafenib, trametinib, perifosine, and regorafenib in an in vitro setting. The mutant BRAF(More)
Patient-individual tumor models constitute a powerful platform for basic and translational analyses both in vitro and in vivo. However, due to the labor-intensive and highly time-consuming process, only few well-characterized patient-derived cell lines and/or corresponding xenografts exist. In this study, we describe successful generation and functional(More)
AIM To generate novel tumor models for preclinical validation of biomarkers that allow drug response prediction and individual therapeutic decisions. METHODS Cell line establishment was conducted by both direct in vitro culturing and in vivo xenografting followed by in vitro culturing procedure. A comprehensive characterization was subsequently performed.(More)