Maitraii Bhattacharya

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Between 1998 and 2000, a total of 266 samples were found positive for group A rotaviruses by RNA electrophoresis. Samples were collected from patients admitted to two leading hospitals in Calcutta. Serotyping could be done only with 22% of the positive samples, leaving 78% untypeable. The G (VP7 genotypes) and P (VP4 genotypes) types were determined for 159(More)
During 2004 and 2005, cholera was recorded in 15 states of India, with 7 outbreaks. The newly emerged Vibrio cholerae O1 Inaba had a different antibiogram and ribotype, different pulsotypes, and different mutations in the wbeT gene. Due to the absence of serogroup O139, the Inaba serotype may have acquired the potential to affect the population at large.
To study the prevalence pattern and trends in the phenotypic and genetic characteristics of shigellae, we tested 212 isolates isolated from diarrhoeal patients admitted to the Infectious Diseases Hospital, Kolkata, India, from November 2007 to October 2010. Prevalence of Shigella spp. was higher in the >5 years age group (69 %) than in children in the <5(More)
Picobirnaviruses (PBVs) with bisegmented small RNA genome profile (1.75 and 1.55kbp for segment 1 and 2, respectively) were detected from 1999 to 2003 in faecal specimens of acute watery diarrhoea cases, largely children (n=20) and an adult in Kolkata, India. Varying degrees of dehydration necessitated their visit to hospital for further treatment and(More)
A rapidly growing industrial complex including oil refineries and chemical industries has developed around the coastal area of Haldia port in the district of Midnapore, West Bengal, India. The coastal water is highly polluted with industrial wastes along with petroleum hydrocarbons. The bacteria isolated from the different sites of the coastal waters were(More)
UNLABELLED In a randomized controlled clinical trial, the efficacy of a low-sodium low-glucose oral rehydration solution (ORS) and a low-sodium rice-based ORS was compared with standard WHO glucose ORS in the treatment of severe cholera in children aged 2-10y. In total, 120 children were evaluated for the study, of whom 58 patients were positive for Vibrio(More)
In a double-blind, randomized clinical trial with 78 adults with acute watery diarrhea and severe dehydration, 37 subjects were positive for Vibrio cholerae. In conjunction with rehydration therapy, 13 patients received norfloxacin, 12 received trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (TMP-SMX), and 12 received a placebo. Norfloxacin was superior to TMP-SMX and to the(More)
The problem of antimicrobial resistance in microorganisms causing diarrheal diseases in both developed and developing countries continues to be alarming (6). Toxigenic Vibrio cholerae is the causative agent of the life-threatening disease cholera. Plasmid-encoded high-level resistance to ampicillin, kanamycin, streptomycin, sulfonamide, tetracycline,(More)
In the Indian state of Bihar, the sensitivities and specificities of direct agglutination tests (DAT) and rK39 test strips for the detection of Leishmania donovani infection in humans were explored and found to be generally good (92%-100%). When 172 asymptomatic individuals [16 'case-contacts' who lived in the same households as past or current, confirmed(More)