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In full-scale wastewater treatment systems, phosphorus removal typically occurs together with nitrogen removal. Nitrite, an intermediate of both the nitrification and denitrification processes, can accumulate in the reactor. The inhibitory effect of nitrite/free nitrous acid (FNA) on the aerobic metabolism of poly-phosphate accumulating organisms (PAOs) is(More)
The sol-gel transition of extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) derived from sludge flocs and granules is investigated in order to explain basic differences between the two aggregates. A reversible, pH dependent sol-gel transition was observed at pH 9.0-12.0 in EPS extracted from granules. At pH <9 granule EPS existed as a strong gel, indicating that(More)
Polyphosphate (poly-P) is known to be a key compound in the metabolism of polyphosphate-accumulating organisms (PAOs). In this study, a sludge highly enriched (80%) in Candidatus Accumulibacter phosphatis (hereafter referred to as Accumulibacter), a widely known PAO, was used to study the ability of these microorganisms to utilize acetate anaerobically(More)
Aerobic sludge granules are larger, denser microbial aggregates than activated sludge flocs with a smoother and more regular surface, which facilitates greater wastewater treatment intensity. Factors important in their growth are still poorly understood, which is an impediment to the construction and operation of full-scale aerobic sludge granule processes.(More)
Nitrite has generally been recognized as an inhibitor of N2O reduction during denitrification. This inhibitory effect is investigated under various pH conditions using a denitrifying-enhanced biological phosphorus removal (EBPR) sludge. The degree of inhibition was observed to correlate much more strongly with the free nitrous acid (FNA) concentration than(More)
Nitrite has been found in previous research an inhibitor on anoxic phosphorus uptake in enhanced biological phosphorus removal systems (EBPR). However, the inhibiting nitrite concentration reported varied in a large range. This study investigates the nitrite inhibition on anoxic phosphorus uptake by using four different mixed cultures performing EBPR with(More)
Aerobic granulation is a novel and promising technology for wastewater treatment. However, long start-up periods required for the development of granules from floccular sludge, and the loss of biomass in this period leading to poor nutrient removal performance are key challenges. In a recent study the addition of crushed granules to a floccular sludge(More)
Nitrite/Free Nitrous Acid (FNA) has previously been shown to inhibit aerobic and anoxic phosphate uptake by polyphosphate accumulating organisms (PAOs). The inhibitory effect of FNA on the aerobic metabolism of Glycogen Accumulating Organisms (GAOs) is investigated. A culture highly enriched (92+/-3%) in Candidatus Competibacter phosphatis (hereafter called(More)
An enhanced biological phosphorus removal (EBPR) system was developed in a sequencing batch reactor (SBR) using propionate as the sole carbon source. The microbial community was followed using fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) techniques and Candidatus 'Accumulibacter phosphatis' were quantified from the start up of the reactor until steady state. A(More)
Recently, some research in the field of enhanced biological phosphorus removal (EBPR) has been focused on studying systems where the electron donor (substrate) and the electron acceptor (nitrate or oxygen) are present simultaneously. This can occur, for example, in a full scale wastewater treatment plant during heavy rainfall periods when the anaerobic(More)