Maisoon Abdullah Ghaleb

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OBJECTIVES To determine the incidence and nature of prescribing and medication administration errors in paediatric inpatients. DESIGN Prospective review of drug charts to identify prescribing errors and prospective observation of nurses preparing and administering drugs to identify medication administration errors. In addition, incident reports were(More)
OBJECTIVE To systematically locate and review studies that have investigated the incidence of medication errors (MEs) in pediatric inpatients and identify common errors. METHODS A systematic search of studies related to MEs in children was performed using the following databases: MEDLINE (1951-April 2006), EMBASE (1966-April 2006), Pharm-line (1978-April(More)
In paediatric medicine, drug doses are usually calculated individually based on the patient's age, weight and clinical condition. Therefore, there are increased opportunities for, and a relatively high risk of, dosing errors in this setting. Consequently, a systematic literature review using several databases was conducted to investigate the incidence and(More)
OBJECTIVE To independently evaluate the impact of the second phase of the Health Foundation's Safer Patients Initiative (SPI2) on a range of patient safety measures. Design A controlled before and after design. Five substudies: survey of staff attitudes; review of case notes from high risk (respiratory) patients in medical wards; review of case notes from(More)
OBJECTIVES To conduct an independent evaluation of the first phase of the Health Foundation's Safer Patients Initiative (SPI), and to identify the net additional effect of SPI and any differences in changes in participating and non-participating NHS hospitals. DESIGN Mixed method evaluation involving five substudies, before and after design. SETTING NHS(More)
The aim of this Delphi survey is to develop common definitions for unlicensed and off-label drug use in children to be used for research and regulatory purposes. After a literature review on the current status of unlicensed/off-label definitions, a two-stage, web-based Delphi survey was conducted among experts in Europe. Their opinion on concerns, rules and(More)
BACKGROUND A previous meta-analysis reported that 9.5% of hospitalized children suffered from an adverse drug reaction (ADR); however, reported incidences among studies varied. OBJECTIVE To enhance the knowledge of ADRs in paediatric hospitalized patients at a global level we investigated the incidence and characteristics of ADRs in hospitalized children(More)
BACKGROUND Few detailed studies exist of the underlying causes of prescribing errors in the UK. AIM To examine the causes of prescribing and monitoring errors in general practice and provide recommendations for how they may be overcome. DESIGN AND SETTING Qualitative interview and focus group study with purposive sampling of English general practices.(More)
BACKGROUND Medication errors are one of the leading causes of harmin health care. Review and analysis of errors have often emphasized their preventable nature and potential for reoccurrence. Of the few error studies conducted in primary care to date, most have focused on evaluating individual parts of the medicines management system. Studying individual(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the effect of an electronic prescribing (EP) system on the incidence and type of prescribing errors and the number of error-free visits. STUDY DESIGN This was a before-and-after study conducted in a nephrology outpatient clinic at an acute tertiary care pediatric hospital. RESULTS A total of 520 patients had 2242 items prescribed on(More)