Mairen E. Fitzpatrick

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Small bowel bacterial overgrowth (SBBO), well known to occur in end-stage kidney failure, is responsible for producing uremic toxins and contributing to the patient's decreased nutritional well-being. In this study, 8 hemodialysis patients were treated with a course of oral Lactobacillus acidophilus (LBA) in an attempt to alter this SBBO. LBA treatment was(More)
Fear conditioning [inescapable shock training (ST)] and fearful context re-exposure (CR) alone can produce significant fear indicated by increased freezing and reductions in subsequent rapid eye movement (REM) sleep. Damage to or inactivation of the basolateral nucleus of the amygdala (BLA) prior to or after ST or prior to CR generally has been found to(More)
Fear conditioning associated with inescapable shock training (ST) and fearful context re-exposure (CR) alone can produce significant behavioral fear, a stress response and alterations in subsequent REM sleep. These alterations may vary among animals and are mediated by the basolateral nucleus of the amygdala (BLA). Here, we used the GABAA agonist, muscimol(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES To examine the REM sleep response to stress and fearful memories as a potential marker of stress resilience and vulnerability and to assess the role of the basolateral amygdala (BLA) in mediating the effects of fear memory on sleep. METHODS Outbred Wistar rats were surgically implanted with electrodes for recording EEG and EMG and with(More)
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