Maira Saad de Ávila Morales

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Purpose. Application of anterior segment optical coherence (AS-OCT) in pediatric ophthalmology. Methods. Retrospective clinical study case series of 26 eyes of 19 pediatric patients throughout a 21-month period, presenting anterior segment pathologies, were submitted to AS-OCT examination (OCT Visante, 1310 nm, Zeiss), noncontact technique, no sedation(More)
The present article reviews the epidemiology, pathogenesis, clinical features, diagnosis, and treatment of ankylosing spondylitis and its association with ocular changes. The authors used the PubMed (MEDLINE), LILACS, and Ophthalmology Library databases. Ankylosing spondylitis is a chronic inflammatory disease that usually affects the axial skeleton and can(More)
PURPOSE To describe ultrasonographic findings of stages 4 and 5 retinopathy of prematurity. PATIENTS AND METHODS Ocular ultrasonography was performed using a 10-MHz transducer. Forty-four patients (88 eyes) with stages 4 and 5 retinopathy of prematurity were evaluated. Twenty-five patients were female. The mean age was 8.4 months (standard deviation, +/-(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE To study the correlation between the choroidal thickness (CT) measured by spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) and retrobulbar blood flow measured by color Doppler flowmetry (CD) in normal subjects. PATIENTS AND METHODS Healthy subjects underwent enhanced-depth imaging SD-OCT and CD using a linear 6 MHz to 18 MHz(More)
Pregnancy can cause several alterations in human eye function in healthy condition as well in ocular disease; these effects on the eyes are divided into three categories: physiologic alterations, ocular diseases changes already existing before the pregnancy, and pathological alterations. The present text proposes a bibliographical revision on the theme. The(More)
The purpose is to document a case of persistent hiperplastic primary vitreous (PHPV) with atypical Bergmeister's papilla and patent hialoid artery that had its conclusive diagnosis done by doppler ultrasound. We report a case of child, who had unilateral leucokoria. This child's fundoscopic examination showed a white mass on the optic nerve that extended(More)
The term fundus flavimaculatus (Stargardt disease) describes a group of inherited macular dystrophies characterized by multiple yellow to yellow-white flecks at the level of the retinal pigment epithelium. The authors describe findings in the patient with Stargardt's disease using optical coherence tomography (OCT), and suggest the examination to be valid(More)
Case report of a woman with the diagnosis of primary open-angle glaucoma who was submitted to a successful surgical procedure of deep sclerectomy in the right eye. In the postoperative period, at month 3, the surgical procedure was evaluated with ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM) utilizing two distinct equipments (UBM 840-Zeiss; UBM-VUMAX-Sonomed), with 50-MHz(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate possible functional and structural ocular changes caused by chronic sildenafil therapy to treat pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). Case–control study included patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension: chronically using sildenafil and without sildenafil treatment. A comprehensive ophthalmologic exam including(More)
Retinal toxicity of chloroquine has been extensively studied since its first description in 1957. This drug is used on a chronic basis to treat several rheumatologic and dermatologic diseases, a there is a trend to use hydroxychloroquine rather than chloroquine. The recommended dose for hydroxychloroquine is 4 mg/kg lean body weight per day. The clinical(More)