Mainak Patel

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The antennal lobe (AL) is the primary structure within the locust's brain that receives information from olfactory receptor neurons (ORNs) within the antennae. Different odors activate distinct subsets of ORNs, implying that neuronal signals at the level of the antennae encode odors combinatorially. Within the AL, however, different odors produce signals(More)
Infant rats switch randomly between the sleeping and waking states; during early infancy (up to postnatal day 8), sleep and wake bouts are random, brief (with means on the order of several seconds) and exponentially distributed, with the length of a particular bout independent of the length of prior bouts. As the rat ages during this early period, mean(More)
The mammalian locus coeruleus (LC) is a brainstem structure that displays extensive interconnections with numerous brain regions, and in particular plays a prominent role in the regulation of sleep and arousal. Postnatal LC development is known to drastically alter sleep-wake switching behavior through early infancy, and, in rats, exerts its most(More)
The primary sensory feature represented within the rodent barrel cortex is the velocity with which a whisker has been deflected. Whisker deflection velocity is encoded within the thalamus via population synchrony (higher deflection velocities entail greater synchrony among the corresponding thalamic population). Thalamic (TC) cells project to regular(More)
The optic tectum of the barn owl is a multimodal structure with multiple layers, with each layer topographically organized according to spatial receptive field. The response of a site to a stimulus can be measured as either spike rate or local field potential (LFP) gamma (25-90 Hz) power; within superficial layers, spike rate and gamma power spatial tuning(More)
Within the appropriate parameter regime, a deterministic model of a pair of mutually inhibitory neurons receiving excitatory driving currents exhibits bistability—each of the two stable states corresponds to one neuron being active and the other being quiescent. The presence of noise in the driving currents results in a system that randomly switches back(More)
Synchronized oscillations are observed in a diverse array of neuronal systems, suggesting that synchrony represents a common mechanism used by the brain to encode and relay information. Coherent population activity can be deciphered by a decoder neuron with a high spike threshold or by a decoder using phase-delayed inhibition. These two mechanisms are(More)
The widespread presence of synchronized neuronal oscillations within the brain suggests that a mechanism must exist that is capable of decoding such activity. Two realistic designs for such a decoder include: (1) a read-out neuron with a high spike threshold, or (2) a phase-delayed inhibition network motif. Despite requiring a more elaborate network(More)
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