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The reliability of published research findings in psychology has been a topic of rising concern. Publication bias, or treating positive findings differently from negative findings, is a contributing factor to this "crisis of confidence," in that it likely inflates the number of false-positive effects in the literature. We demonstrate a Bayesian model(More)
According to a recent meta-analysis, religious priming has a positive effect on prosocial behavior (Shariff et al., 2015). We first argue that this meta-analysis suffers from a number of methodological shortcomings that limit the conclusions that can be drawn about the potential benefits of religious priming. Next we present a re-analysis of the religious(More)
Optimal stopping problems require people to choose from a sequence of values, under the constraint that they cannot return to an earlier option once it is rejected. We study how people solve optimal stopping problems when the distribution of values they must choose from is not uniform, but is constructed to contain many high values or many low values. We(More)
In optimal stopping problems, people are asked to choose the maximum out of a sequence of values, under the constraint that a number can only be chosen when it is presented. We present a series of threshold models of human decision making on optimal stopping problems, including a new hierarchical model that assumes individual differences in threshold(More)
This study investigated the abilities of listeners to classify various sorts of musical stimuli as major vs minor. All stimuli combined four pure tones: low and high tonics (G5 and G6), dominant (D), and either a major third (B) or a minor third (B[symbol: see text]). Especially interesting results were obtained using tone-scrambles, randomly ordered(More)
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