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Most atypical antipsychotic drugs increase acetylcholine release in the prefrontal cortex, but the detailed mechanism is still unknown. The present study examined the role of serotonin (5-HT)1A receptors in risperidone-induced increases in acetylcholine release in rat prefrontal cortex. Systemic administration of risperidone at doses of 1 and 2 mg/kg(More)
The poly(ADP-ribose) polymerases (PARPs) participate in many biological and pathological processes. Here we report that the PARP-13 shorter isoform (ZAPS), rather than the full-length protein (ZAP), was selectively induced by 5'-triphosphate-modified RNA (3pRNA) and functioned as a potent stimulator of interferon responses in human cells mediated by the RNA(More)
A total of 232 isolates of gram-negative bacteria were recovered from mammals, reptiles, and birds housed at Asa Zoological Park, Hiroshima prefecture, Japan. Forty-nine isolates (21.1%) showed multidrug resistance phenotypes and harbored at least one antimicrobial resistance gene. PCR and DNA sequencing identified class 1 and class 2 integrons and many(More)
Protein O-linked fucosylation is an unusual glycosylation associated with many important biological functions such as Notch signaling. Two fucosylation pathways synthesizing O-fucosylglycans have been reported on cystein-knotted proteins, that is, on epidermal growth factor-like (EGF-like) domains and on thrombospondin Type 1 repeat (TSR) domains. We report(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common cause of dementia. Humanin (HN) is a short bioactive peptide abolishing neuronal cell death induced by various familial AD (FAD)-causative genes and amyloid-beta (Abeta) in vitro. It has been shown that HN suppresses memory impairment of mice induced by intracerebroventricular administration of Abeta. To(More)
We have shown that coadministration of sulpiride and fluvoxamine preferentially increases the release of dopamine in the prefrontal cortex. To study the possible role of the cortical cholinergic system in this effect, we combined several other antipsychotic drugs with fluvoxamine and examined the effects on acetylcholine release in rat prefrontal cortex.(More)
The nonlinear classiier is eeective for many practical problems. We have already proposed a method for constructing a nonlinear classiier using Legendre polynomials and have obtained good results on many actual data. In this approach, a set of original features is rst extended to a large number of new features in a nonlinear fashion and then some(More)
In the early development of the central nervous system, neural progenitor cells divide in an asymmetric manner and migrate along the radial glia cells. The radial migration is an important process for the proper lamination of the cerebral cortex. Recently, a new mode of the radial migration was found at the intermediate zone where the neural progenitor(More)
A non-formal Environmental Education (EE) Program has been implemented in the natural conservation area (Ecological Station of Jataí, Luiz Ant nio, São Paulo State), through (EE) paradigms, which consider the objectives of education about, in and for the environment within cultural and natural perspectives. The aim of this Program is to support information(More)