Maiko Furuta

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During heat shock stress, importin β family-mediated nucleocytoplasmic trafficking is downregulated, whereas nuclear import of the molecular chaperone Hsp70s is upregulated. Here, we identify a nuclear import pathway that operates during heat shock stress and is mediated by an evolutionarily conserved protein named "Hikeshi," which does not belong to the(More)
beta-Catenin is an example of a typical molecule that can be translocated bidirectionally through nuclear pore complexes (NPCs) on its own in a facilitated manner. In this work the nuclear import and export of beta-catenin were examined to compare the sequence requirement of this molecule and to determine whether molecular interactions required for its(More)
DNA topoisomerase IIα (TopoIIα) is an essential chromosome-associated enzyme with activity implicated in the resolution of tangled DNA at centromeres before anaphase onset. However, the regulatory mechanism of TopoIIα activity is not understood. Here, we show that PIASy-mediated small ubiquitin-like modifier 2/3 (SUMO2/3) modification of TopoIIα strongly(More)
Transport receptors of the importin beta family continuously shuttle between the nucleus and cytoplasm. We previously reported that the nuclear export of importin beta involves energy-requiring step(s) in living cells. Here, we show that the in vitro nuclear export of importin beta also requires energy input. Cytosol, depleted of ATP-binding proteins, did(More)
The human importin-β family consists of 21 nucleocytoplasmic transport carrier proteins that carry proteins and RNAs across the nuclear envelope through nuclear pores in specific directions. These transport carriers are responsible for the nucleocytoplasmic transport of thousands of proteins, but the cargo allocation of each carrier, which is necessary(More)
Heat-shock induces a strong stress response and modifies all aspects of cellular physiology, which involves dynamic changes in the nucleocytoplasmic distributions of a variety of proteins. Many distinct nucleocytoplasmic transport pathways exist in eukaryotic cells, but how a particular transport pathway is regulated under different cellular conditions(More)
The Rockefeller University Press $30.00 J. Cell Biol. Vol. 191 No. 4 783–794 www.jcb.org/cgi/doi/10.1083/jcb.201004033 JCB 783 Correspondence to Yoshiaki Azuma: azumay@ku.edu Abbreviations used in this paper: CBP, calmodulin-binding protein; CSF, cytostatic factor; dnUbc9, dominant-negative Ubc9; kDNA, kinetoplast DNA; MEF, mouse embryonic fibroblast; PTM,(More)
Importin alpha1/Rch1, an importin alpha family member, mediates the nuclear import of karyophilic proteins. The present study reports on a monoclonal antibody (MAb) directed against mammalian importin alpha1/Rch1, which was produced by the hybridization of mouse myeloma cells with lymph node cells of an immunized rat. The MAb 1A6 specifically recognized(More)
The regulation of nucleocytoplasmic transport is crucial not only for basic cellular activities but also for physiological adaptation to specific situation during the cell cycle, development, or stress. Although a wide variety of transport pathways have been identified in eukaryotic cells, the functional significance of their multiplicity remains unclear.(More)
RCC1, a guanine nucleotide exchange factor of the small GTPase Ran, plays various roles throughout the cell cycle. However, the functions of RCC1 in biological processes in vivo are still unclear. In particular, although RCC1 has multifunctional domains, the biological significance of each domain is unclear. To examine each domain of RCC1, we established an(More)
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